Related Words 3

One of the answers in this quiz is SHIP - but is it correct?

Related Words 3

Related words are about finding a match by using the alphabet.

You need to work out a different code for each question. Sometimes you will have to find a match for a word by moving forward a number of spaces in the alphabet, and sometimes by moving backward. Count how many spaces there are between a code and its decoded word, and then carry out that same operation on your question. If you enjoyed the last 11-plus verbal reasoning Related Words quiz, you probably noticed a double code letter for a single word letter. I wonder what surprises this quiz will have?

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Example: If the code for LUCK is JSAI, what does EMMB mean?


Answer: GOOD

The key to this code is to work out that each code letter is two spaces back in the alphabet. If L = J, then the code letter (J) has moved two spaces to the left of L, likewise if U = S then the code letter (S) is two spaces to the left of U. Working out the key allows us to work out any letter. If E is the code letter, then we know that it's two spaces to the left, so to get the answer, we must move two spaces to the right (G), likewise for M we must move two spaces to the right (O) and so on. Easy!
  1. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
    If the code for WHIP is YJKR, what does HQNF mean?
    This one is easy as long as you realise that the code needs you to move forward two letters each time, to get from the word to its code. To get from the code to the word, just reverse this process. So, W = Y, H = J, I = K and P = R. This makes H = F, Q = O, N = L and F = D. FOLD
  2. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
    If the code for CHUM is CLUQ, what does FESX mean?
    The tricky part of this is understanding that letters 1 and 3 remain unchanged each time. After that we only have to work out two letters for each word. To get from the word to the code, skip three letters of the alphabet. So C = C, H = L, U = U and M = Q. Turning to FESX we need to move backwards in the alphabet instead of forwards, but still skip three letters each time. F = F, E = A, S = S and X = T. Solved it? That was FAST!
  3. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
    If the code for DEED is L M M L, what does V W W V mean?
    You should have noticed that the first and last letters are the same each time, and the two middle letters are the same, so that's half the question solved already! To get from the word to the code, you must move forward eight letters in the alphabet each time. So D = L, M = E and that's both the letters we need to make DEED. Looking at V W W V we need to move back through the alphabet by eight letters each time. So V = N, W = O and that gives us enough to know the whole word: NOON
  4. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
    If the code for WART is TCOV, what does AQIV mean?
    The code works like this: to get from the W in WART to the T in TCOV we needed to move back in the alphabet by three letters. To get from the A in WART to the C in TCOV we needed to move forward two letters. So the pattern is back three, forward two, back three, forward two. In reverse, this means A = D, Q = O, I = L and V = T. Tricky
  5. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
    If the code for CHIP is CIJQ, what does SIPQ mean?
    One little trick helps with this code: the first letter stays unchanged each time. After that it's easy to see that we move forward one letter each time, to move from word to code, or back one letter each time to move from code to word. So, C = C, H = I, I = J and P = Q. Looking now at SIPQ we just do the same thing in reverse. S = S, I = H, P = O and Q = P. Our two words now are CHIP SHOP. Mmmm. Chip shop
  6. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
    If the code for SANG is NFIL, what does OZIJ mean?
    The code moves forward and back through the alphabet this time so here goes: S = N (back five letters) and A = F (forward five letters) while N = I (back five letters again) and G = L (forward five letters again). This leads us to OZIJ, where we have to move the opposite way. O = T (forward five letters), Z = U (back five letters) I = N (forward five letters again) and J = E (back five letters again). So from SONG, we got TUNE. Not bad!
  7. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
    If the code for LOVE is ORYH, what does KDWH mean?
    This one is dead easy. Just move forward three letters for each letter in the original word, or move back three letters to get from the code to the un-coded word. K = H (moving back three letters), D = A (moving back three letters), W = T and H = E. Do you LOVE these quizzes? Not the other word!
  8. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
    If the code for WORK is DLIP, what does KOZB mean?
    It's another of the ones where you have to work out what number from 1 - 26 each letter is, and then count that many from the other end of the alphabet. So W = D (4th from the end and the beginning of the alphabet) O = L (15th from the beginning and the end) R = I (18th) and K = P (11th). Turning our attention to KOZB we should be looking for the 11th, 15th, 1st and 2nd letters of the alphabet. Find them all and you have PLAY. Remember all WORK and no PLAY makes Jack a dull boy!
  9. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
    If the code for RICH is VMGL, what does JYPP mean?
    You expected to find an opposite there, didn't you? But the answer to JYPP must have the same last two letters, so only FULL works. The pattern of the code is to move forward in the alphabet four times for each letter, but we are moving from the code back to the original word, so we can find FULL like this: J = F, Y = U, P = L (twice!)
  10. A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
    If the code for TWIT is MPBM, what does PHHM mean?
    The code could be tricky, if you couldn't count to seven! That's how many moves backwards in the alphabet each letter makes to arrive at its code. So to work from the code to the word, we must move forward seven letters. Therefore P = W, H = O (twice) and M = T. TWIT and WOOT - almost what the wise old owl says. If you are as wise as she is, you will try out the fourth in the series of Verbal Reasoning quizzes, because this one is finished!

Author: Stephen O'Hara

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