Monuments in Britain
Sir William Wallace was a hero in 13th Century Scotland.

Monuments in Britain

This quiz addresses the requirements of the National Curriculum KS1 History for children aged 5, 6 and 7 in years 1 and 2. Specifically this quiz is aimed at the section dealing with historical British monuments and their importance.

There are many historical buildings and monuments throughout the country but what is their importance? Monuments can be erected for all sorts of reasons, sometimes in memory of a person or to serve as a reminder of a key event in history. They can often offer glimpses of how life was at the time they were built. Young children may enjoy finding out more about the importance of British monuments and the reasons they were built.

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  1. A 5000 year old tomb in Herefordshire is said to be part of the legend of which king?
    One of the stories about the tomb says it marks the spot where Arthur slayed a giant!
    Photograph courtesy of UKgeofan
  2. An arch in Hyde park was built to commemorate British victories. What footwear is in its name?
    The Arch originally stood opposite the home of the Duke of Wellington and was built after his victory over Napoleon at Waterloo
  3. The Monument, in London, is the tallest isolated stone column in the world. What is it a memorial to?
    The Monument to the Great Fire of London was designed by Sir Christopher Wren and Robert Hooke and was completed in 1677
  4. The National Wallace Monument is a tower commemorating Sir William Wallace, the 13th century Scottish hero. How tall is it?
    Visitors can climb the 246 step spiral staircase to the viewing gallery inside the monument's crown
  5. A statue of a winged archer stands in Piccadilly Square in London. What is his name?
    It was commissioned as a memorial to the 7th Earl of Shaftesbury who was a famous politician
  6. A fountain was built in Hyde Park as a memorial to a princess. What was her name?
    Diana, Princess of Wales, was killed in a car crash in 1997
    Photograph courtesy of C. G. P. Grey
  7. Stonehenge is a circle of ancient stones erected between 3000BC and 1,600BC. How many hours of labour is it estimated to have taken?
    Mystery surrounds the stone circle as to why it was built. Some think it was designed as a place to worship the sun, others believe it may have been a place of sacrifice
  8. The golden statue outside Buckingham Palace is a monument to which queen?
    The Victoria Memorial is placed at the centre of The Queen's Gardens and faces towards The Mall
  9. Hadrian's Wall was built in AD122 and stretches from the east to west coasts in northern England. How long is it?
    It was built by the Roman Empire as a military fortification to prevent raids from tribes in what was to become Scotland. Parts of it survive today some 1800 years on
  10. In Oxfordshire, a huge chalk animal is carved into the hill. What animal is it?
    The horse is in Uffington and is 110m long. It is about 3000 years old!

Author: Angela Smith

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