An arch is formed when a cave erodes further and forms a tunnel through the cliff


One part of geography that is looked at in KS2 is the coasts. Children will already understand that coasts are where the land and the sea meet, and now they will be taught about some of the geographic features that are found there, such as beaches, cliffs and bays.

Coasts are the edges of the land. The coast is the place where land and sea meet. There are special environmental features on the coast. Coasts are also places people meet for their holidays, where they can sunbathe on the beach, paddle in the sea and explore rockpools and caves.

See how much you know about coastal environments and the features that can be found there by playing this quiz.

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  1. What is the process called when waves throw pebbles at the cliff causing it to wear away?
    Abrasion is faster than erosion
  2. How is a stack formed?
    Stacks can seem very lonely!
  3. How is an arch formed?
    Arches are caves that have worn all the way through a cliff. They look almost man made
  4. When a bay is formed what is the name of the projections formed at either side?
    The bay is formed when the rock along part of the coast erodes quicker than the headlands as they have harder rock
  5. What is the term used when a cliff erodes at the bottom?
    The higher part of the cliff is not exposed to the sea and so does not erode
  6. On some coasts the cliffs are worn away by erosion. What acts on the cliffs to cause them to erode?
    The waves can wear rock away, but it takes a very long time
  7. When soft rock erodes to create a hole in the cliff what is this known as?
    Caves are deep depressions in the rock face
  8. What is the name of the protection used to stop sand being swept from a beach?
    Have you ever seen groynes on a beach? They can look like pillars, posts or fences
  9. How are sand dunes formed?
    They are always at the back of the beach as the wind comes off of the sea
  10. What is a large flat area of sand known as?
    Beaches are places we go to enjoy the seaside

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