Ancient Greece
The landscape was mountainous in Greece.

Ancient Greece

The civilisation found in Ancient Greece is a major focus of KS2 history - and not without good reason. Ancient Greece is considered the birthplace of Western civilisation.

Ancient Greece covers the Archaic Period before the beginning of democracy in Athens, the Classical period which flourished during the 5th to 4th centuries BC and the Hellenistic Period between Alexander the Great and the Roman conquest. Classical Greek culture had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire and consequently on much of Europe. It brought us philosophy, mathematics and theatre in addition to the myths and stories known and loved by many. For this reason Ancient Greece is often called 'the birthplace of Western civilisation'.

See how much you know about the birthplace of Western civilisation by taking this quiz all about Ancient Greece.

  1. At which battle were the Persians defeated?
    Legend has it that the Greek messenger Pheidippides ran to Athens with news of the victory and so ran the very first 'marathon'
  2. What was the climate like in Greece?
    Crops do not grow very well in Greece except olives
  3. Which of these was NOT a Greek city state?
    Rome was in modern day Italy
  4. What was the name of the people who lived in Crete around 3,000 BCE?
    The Minoans took their name from the mythical King Minos who was said to have built a labyrinth to house the Minotaur
  5. Who was the Greek leader that ruled all of Greece and conquered other lands?
    The Egyptian city of Alexandria is named after him
  6. Who conquered the Greeks in 168 BCE?
    The Romans adopted much of the culture of the Ancient Greeks
  7. What were the people of Ancient Greece called?
    The Greeks themselves called their land Hellas and themselves Hellenes
  8. The city states joined together to fight which invaders?
    The Persians were beaten at the Battle of Marathon, the Battle of Salamis and the Battle of Plataea
  9. In which year did the Greek Classical Period begin?
    The Classical Period of Ancient Greece is said to have begun with the defeat of the invading Persian army
  10. What was the landscape like in Greece?
    The mountains made it difficult to travel over Greece

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