Viking Explorers
Viking ships were called longships.

Viking Explorers

The Viking, or Norse, culture is one of the main topics in KS2 history. This is the first of four quizzes on the subject and it concentrates on the Norse explorers - some of whom were traders and others pirates.

The Vikings had explored more of the world than anyone else of their era. Viking explorers were Norse warriors, traders and pirates who raided, explored, traded and settled in wide areas of Europe including Great Britain and Ireland. The Vikings came from Norway, Sweden and Denmark and were great sailors. Unlike most people of the time they were able to navigate by the stars and so cross great oceans. They travelled as far as North America, Africa and the Near East, and colonised Iceland and Greenland. All Vikings were required to own weapons as well as permitted to carry them all the time.

Take this quiz to see how much you know about Viking explorers, traders and pirates.

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  1. What was the name of the Viking ships?
    Longships were the best ships in the world at the time. They were used by the Vikings for troop transports rather than for fighting
  2. How did Vikings navigate?
    As well as using the sun and stars, Vikings found their way by following the coasts or looking for landmarks like islands or mountains
  3. Who found Greenland?
    Eric got his nickname from the colour of his hair and beard
  4. How far East did the Vikings travel?
    The Vikings travelled all over Europe, and into Asia. They bought things like silk, spices and wine, and sold honey, wool, fur, and walrus ivory
  5. Why did the Vikings roam?
    The land in Scandinavia - where Vikings came from - was difficult to farm so they looked for other ways to survive
  6. When did the Vikings settle in Iceland?
    Before the Vikings arrived nobody lived in Iceland
  7. How were Viking ships powered?
    When the wind dropped the men would row the ship
  8. Why did the Vikings leave their North American settlement?
    The Vikings returned to North America to trade and to gather timber but they stopped living there
  9. Who first landed in North America?
    Leif was the son of Eric the Red. He discovered America 500 years before Christopher Columbus
  10. How many men could a Viking ship hold?
    There were different sized longships but the biggest could carry around 80 men

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