Pop Art
Pop Art drew some of its inspiration from commercial products.

Pop Art

This quiz addresses the requirements of the National Curriculum KS3 in Art and Design for children aged 11 to 14 in years 7 to 9. Specifically this quiz is aimed at the section dealing with understanding art movements and their influence on the world, and it focusses in particular on the Pop Art Movement.

KS3 children will learn how to critically appraise works of art, using the correct terminology and drawing on their own opinions. The judgements they make will help to inform their own work, as will what they learn about the styles and techniques used by the artists they study.

Pop art emerged in the 1950s and really grew in the 1960s in America and Britain, drawing its influence from sources in popular culture such as advertising, the movies and pop music. Key pop artists include Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Richard Hamilton, Peter Blake and David Hockney.

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Pop Art began as a rebellion against the mainstream approaches to art and culture and traditional views on what art should be. Young artists felt that what they were taught at college and what they saw in museums did not have anything to do with their lives or the experiences they had every day. Instead they turned to sources in popular culture such as films, product packaging and comic books for their images and inspiration.

In America, pop style was a return to representational art. In Britain, the movement was more academic in its approach. While employing irony and parody, it focused more on what American popular imagery represented, and its influence in manipulating people’s lives.

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  1. How did British Pop Art differ from American Pop Art?
    Early pop art in Britain was fuelled by American popular culture but viewed from a distance, while the American artists were inspired by what they saw and experienced living within that culture
  2. What kind of Pop Art is Roy Lichtenstein most noted for?
    Lichtenstein's work probably encapsulates the essence of Pop Art better than any other artist
  3. One pop artist in particular was famous for his colourful portrait of Marilyn Monroe and tins of Campbell soup. Who was he?
    Even the labelling on the packaging box containing retail items has been used as subject matter in Pop Art. Apart from the famous soup tins, Warhol also made sculptures of Brillo Soap boxes!
  4. Which method of image reproduction was popular amongst several artists of the movement?
    The mechanical technique was highly suited to the nature of the imagery used in Pop Art, as it produced clean lines and bold colours time after time
  5. How did the majority of Pop Artists begin their careers?
    Andy Warhol was a highly successful magazine illustrator and graphic designer; Ed Ruscha was also a graphic designer, and James Rosenquist started his career as a billboard painter
  6. Pop Art emerged in which decade?
    It emerged first in the UK, in the middle of the 1950s, and later in that same decade in America
  7. What did the founders of the UK 'branch' of Pop Artists first call themselves?
    They were a gathering of young painters, sculptors, architects, writers and critics who challenged approaches to culture as well as traditional views of fine art
  8. Which sculptor was one of the co-founding members of the group?
    At the first group meeting in 1952, Paolozzi presented material of "found objects" such as advertising, comic book characters, magazine covers and various mass-produced graphics that mostly represented American popular culture
  9. Pop Art's main influence came from which aspect of culture?
    Pop art employed aspects of mass culture, such as advertising, comic books and mundane cultural objects such as tins of soup!
  10. When was the term 'Pop Art' first officially used?
    The first use of this official 'label' for the movement was the occasion was a "Symposium on Pop Art" organised by the Museum of Modern Art

Author: Angela Smith

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