This quiz addresses the requirements of the National Curriculum KS3 in Art and Design for children aged 11 to 14 in years 7 to 9. Specifically this quiz is aimed at the section dealing with understanding art movements and their influence on the world, and it focusses in particular on The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood movement, also known as the Pre-Raphaelites.
In KS3 children will learn how to critically appraise historical works of art, as well as understand the influence ancient movements have had on art today.
The name Pre-Raphaelites or more accurately, The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood, refers to a group of artists and one writer who found themselves in direct opposition to the Royal Academy’s promotion of the Renaissance master Raphael. The Brotherhood also rebelled against what they saw as the unimportance and triviality of the popular style of genre painting.
Inspired by the theories of the art critic John Ruskin, who insisted that artists should ‘go to nature’, they believed in an art of serious subjects treated with the maximum amount of realism. Their principal themes were initially religious, but they also used subjects from literature and poetry, particularly those dealing with love and death. They also explored modern social problems.
After initial heavy opposition from the established artists and critics of the day, the Pre-Raphaelites became highly influential, with a second phase of the movement from about 1860, inspired particularly by the work of Rossetti, making a major contribution to symbolism.
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How much do you understand the Pre-Raphaelite movement? Try this quiz to test your knowledge.
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