UK 01
How well do you know the UK?

UK 01

This KS3 Citizenship quiz takes a look at the UK. The UK is a short way of writing The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. People often incorrectly call the UK Great Britain. You can find out why it is a mistake in one of the questions of this quiz. But in the end, it doesn't really matter, everyone knows what you mean.

The first modern humans arrived in Britain about 14,000 BC, as the last Ice Age was ending. About 7,500 years ago, the rising sea level caused by the ice melting created the English Channel and the North Sea. Scientists have estimated that about eighty percent of your DNA came from the European people stranded in Britain when it became surrounded by the sea. The other twenty percent comes from successful invasions by Celts, Picts, Vikings, Anglo Saxons, Romans and French.

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The settlers mixed with the local populations already living in the UK and so some of your genes come from these other nationalities as well.

Between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries, Britain established an empire of colonies and territories overseas. During the nineteenth century, the British Empire was the most powerful force in the world and by the time the First World War started, almost a quarter of the people in the world was ruled by Britain. For the territories under British rule, life was not always easy. There was a thriving slave trade (abolished in 1807) and frequent wars. Any rebellions were brutally suppressed by British troops. After the Second World War, human rights became a major global issue and gradually, the territories occupied and ruled by the British were given back to local governments. The end of the British Empire is usually seen as being in 1997, when Hong Kong was given back to China.

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  1. What is the capital of Scotland?
    It is built on and around an extinct volcano and is the seat of the Scottish Parliament
  2. At its height in 1922, the British Empire covered approximately how much of the Earth's total land area?
    It held power over about 400 million people
  3. How many countries make up the UK?
    England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales
  4. What is the approximate population of the UK?
    This figure is increasing all the time
  5. What does the word 'kingdom' mean?
    The UK isn't really ruled by the monarch, it is the Government that makes the decisions
  6. What is the area of the UK?
    That makes us the 85th largest country in the world
  7. In which year did Southern Ireland become independent?
    It became the Republic of Ireland
  8. What is the flag of the UK known as?
    It is also called Union Flag
  9. What does UK stand for?
    Wales had become part of England in the sixteenth century. At the start of the eighteenth century, the Acts of Union joined the kingdoms of England and Scotland to create Great Britain. About a century later, Great Britain joined with Northern Ireland to form the UK. Great Britain therefore only refers to England, Scotland and Wales. The UK refers to those 3 countries PLUS Northern Ireland
  10. What does the word 'empire' mean in the sense of the British Empire?
    It can mean a country ruled by an emperor, but the British Empire was never ruled by an emperor

Author: Frank Evans

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