Textiles 01
Woven fabrics, like these, usually do not stretch along the length or width.

Textiles 01

This KS3 Design and Technology quiz takes a look at textiles. Textiles (fabrics) that are made from natural fibres like cotton, wool, silk or linen are manufactured in three stages - spinning, weaving or knitting and finishing. Most synthetic fibres like nylon, polyester and viscose are normally continuous filament fibres and do not require the spinning part of the process. Natural fibres require spinning because they usually have short fibres. Spun fibres are called yarn. Yarn for weaving is twisted tightly to make it strong and so woven fabrics don't stretch much. Yarn for knitting is twisted more loosely to make it stretchy.

Woven fabrics are made on a loom and are made from a weft and a warp. The weft is the yarn that goes across the width of the fabric and the warp is along the length of the fabric. In some types of weaving, the weft is doubled back on itself to form the selvedge. This is an edge of the fabric that does not fray. Knitted fabrics are made by looping together the yarn. There are two types, weft knitted (made by hand or machine) and warp knitted (made by machine).

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  1. What is the name of the advanced fibre manufactured from cellulose?
    Tencel is a trade name, it is a type of rayon
  2. What are the lengthwise threads of a woven fabric called?
    Also called straight grain
  3. A fabric care symbol with a circle inside a square denotes what?
    The symbol looks like the front of a tumble dryer!
  4. What material is made from polythene fibres bonded together by heat and pressure?
    Envelopes can be made out of Tyvek. It is waterproof, provides a good printing surface and is very difficult to tear
  5. Which kinds of fabrics are stretchy?
    Cotton jersey is the one of the most common knitted fabrics
  6. The neat edges of woven fabric, where the cloth doesn't fray, are called the .......
    Fraying is where the fibres of a fabric have started to come apart
  7. Which of these fabrics is associated waterproof items?
    It is also strong and does not tear easily
  8. Which kinds of fabrics do not stretch along the length or width?
    The yarn is arranged in an over and under pattern
  9. A fabric care symbol with a capital 'P' in a circle denotes what?
    Wet washing a dry clean only fabric will affect its shape and size
  10. The thread at right angles to the selvedge is called the .......
    Doubling the weft back on itself creates a neat edge that doesn't fray

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