Textiles 02
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Textiles 02

This KS3 Design and Technology quiz tests you further on textiles. All textiles are made from fibres. The fibres may be natural and come from animals or plants. Or they may be synthetic and come from minerals such as coal or oil. There are even some synthetic fabrics that are made from plant materials. But whichever type of fabric you are using for your design, it needs joining together. The best way to join fabrics is by sewing - the yarn is as flexible as the fabric. When cutting fabrics, they need to be cut a little larger than the pattern to allow for sewing a seam.

Fabrics can be decorated in many ways. They can be dyed, screen printed, embroidered and more. Patterns can be created in the fabric at the weaving or knitting stage by using coloured yarns - carpets and your Christmas jumper are two good examples. Once a fabric has been turned into a garment, soft toy or other item, at some point it will need washing and drying. Every fabric article has a care label sewn into it. This contains standard symbols that tells the owner how the item should be washed.

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  1. Stitching a pattern onto a fabric with coloured silky threads is .......
    Beginners can use fabric that has been printed very lightly with the final design - a bit like a colouring book or painting by numbers
  2. Sewing different coloured shapes of fabric onto the main fabric using a close zig-zag stitch is .......
    It is the fabric equivalent of making a collage in art lessons
  3. Which of these decoration techniques is a one-off?
    If the motif is simple, it also doesn't take long
  4. What does a cross through a fabric care symbol mean?
    It's always a good idea to check labels before washing. If you ignore them, you could easily ruin the fabric
  5. When cutting patterns from fabric, why should you allow extra around the pattern?
    Seam allowances are usually around 15mm
  6. Painting wax onto the fabric before dyeing is called .......
    The dye can't go where the wax is
  7. Most bought garments have the inside edge neatened with stitching called .......
    There are many types of stitching, some are specifically designed for strength and others for a decorative effect
  8. What is the channel called where a cord or elastic is threaded?
    It is made by folding the fabric and stitching the base of the fold together
  9. What stitch length would you use on thick fabric such as cotton duck or corduroy to make a permanent seam?
    Longer stitches will hold a thicker material together better than short ones. Very long stitches like 10 mm are only used to 'tack' fabrics on a temporary basis
  10. Which of these fastenings is the easiest to use?
    It is also strong

Author: Frank Evans

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