KS3 ICT Quiz
Information (Reliability, Validity and Bias) 01
To find information on the internet you use a search engine.

Information (Reliability, Validity and Bias) 01

This KS3 ICT quiz looks at the reliability and validity of information. There is a saying - just because you read it in the newspapers, it doesn't mean it is true'. It is equally true about information from any source. Probably the most reliable sources of information are your school text books. These have been written by experts and double checked for accuracy.

But a lot of research that you do for your school projects will now involve an Internet search. Some students see Internet research as being the quick and simple way of finding information for projects and homework. When done properly, it is no easier or harder than researching in a library. Internet information can be a lot less reliable than books - it is considerably more difficult to write a book than to create a web site!

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Checking how reliable and accurate Internet information is, is not aways simple. If the site is an authority site such as a Government site (.gov.uk), it must be accurate, reliable and without bias by law. Sites like revision websites should be accurate and reliable too. You should find information on several sites, look at the points they have in common and ignore points that are opinion. What is left is most likely to be the reliable and accurate information on the subject.

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  1. The internet is a source of information. What is a URL?
    The URL tells a browser where to find the website.
  2. URL stands for .......
    It was invented in 1994 by Tim Berners-Lee, the person who 'invented' the World Wide Web
  3. To find information on the internet you use a .......
    A browser displays information but search engines are used to find it
  4. Search Engines produce lots of results which .......
    Anybody can create a web resource about anything. Search engines work automatically, no-one checks if the results are sites containing reliable information
  5. Lots of web resources contain opinions. An opinion is .......
    The author may or may not have any real expertise
  6. Some authors select information to favour a viewpoint.
    This is normal, for example, someone who doesn't believe that global warming is real will choose information to back up their claims, whether it is valid or not. It can sometimes be very difficult to be objective
  7. An opinion or viewpoint is biased if .......
    Any facts and observations that don't agree with a theory should be checked to determine if the theory is wrong and needs changing or to find out if something regarded as being a fact is actually correct
  8. Website resources are not likely to be biased if .......
    Sadly it's not that easy to tell. All sites should be validated. If you are not sure about a site, it would be worth having a word with a teacher
  9. Which is not a good form of website validation?
    Even doing the other three things does not guarantee that the information on a site is valid
  10. Which of these is a fact?
    Be careful not to confuse a fact with an opinion

Author: Duncan Daish

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