In the previous quiz we looked at the nominalisation of verbs. We know that nominalisation is the process by which nouns are formed from verbs. But nominalisation is not only used on verbs. This is the second High English grammar quiz on nominalisation and, along with the next quiz, it looks at the nominalisation of adjectives into nouns. Consider the following sentences:
‘The careless attitude displayed by Manav lands him in trouble often.’
‘The patient batsman was rewarded with many loose balls.’
Here ‘careless’ and ‘patient’ are adjectives. These sentences can be rewritten in a different way using nominalisation. Here are the new versions:
‘Manav’s carelessness lands him in trouble often.’ and
’The batsman’s patience was rewarded with many loose balls.’
The adjectives ('careless' and 'patient') have been converted into nouns ('carelessness' and 'patience'). Thus we see that adjectives can also be nominalised.
Just as we used suffixes to nominalise verbs, we can use them to nominalise adjectives. While verbs use a lot more suffixes, adjectives use a limited number. The suffixes used to nominalise adjectives are:
Here are some examples of the ‘adjective to noun’ pairs of words:
As is often found in English, there are some adjectives with their own unique rules of grammar regarding their nominalisation. Such words include 'hot-heat', 'proud-pride' and 'high-height'. Nominalisation helps communication to become impersonal and objective, both of which are generally required in academic writing. Nominalisation also helps to provide more information with fewer words. Look at this example:
‘The worker was honest. The manager praised him at the weekly meeting.’ This can be rewritten as:
‘The manager praised the worker’s honesty at the weekly meeting.’ by using the nominalised form of ‘honest’ which is ‘honesty.’
Nominalisation is a good tool to have and it helps us to provide more information with fewer words. However, it must be noted that sometimes carelessness in using nominalisation indiscriminately could give unnecessarily more information. Take the quiz on grammar that follows and learn to nominalise adjectives into nouns.