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Grammar 60 - Future Passive
"Will our crops have been damaged by locusts?" - This sentence is in future perfect passive form.

Grammar 60 - Future Passive

In the previous six High English quizzes on active and passive voice, we have seen how we write passive voice sentences in different tense forms. In this final quiz on the subject we look at the passive voice in the simple future and future perfect tenses.

In English, we use passive voice in several ways. We use passive voice when we want to change focus in the sentence. We may use it when we are not interested in what causes an action. We often use passive voice in scientific or factual writing. Sentences in passive voice undergo change depending on the tense. The form a passive voice sentence takes is common as far as the main verb is concerned. The main verb always takes its past participle form. Auxiliary verbs decide the tense in passive voice.

The future tense makes use of two words - ‘will’ and ‘shall.’ Generally, sentences use simple future and future perfect tenses for expressing in the passive voice. In the simple future tense, the passive voice sentence takes this form:

‘Object + will/shall + be + past participle of the main verb.’

‘Virat Kohli will captain the Indian Cricket Team on the Sri Lankan tour’ is in the active voice. In passive voice it becomes:
‘The Indian Cricket Team will be captained by Virat Kohli on the Sri Lankan tour.’

In the future perfect tense, the passive voice sentence takes this form:

‘Object + will/shall + have + been + past participle of the main verb.’

‘In the month of September this year, Prime Minister Modi shall have addressed the UN General Assembly’ is in the active voice. In passive voice it becomes:
‘In the month of September this year, the UN General Assembly shall have been addressed by Prime Minister Modi’

Just as in so many other instances, the passive voice takes a different form when posing a question by starting the sentence with ‘will/shall.’ The use of ‘not’ between ‘will/shall’ and ‘be/have’ in a sentence makes it a negative sentence.

Using passive voice in the simple future and future perfect tenses becomes a breeze if we practise hard and the quiz that follows helps you to do just that.

1.
'Anamika shall help Trupti in her English lessons.'
Rewrite the sentence in simple future passive form. Choose from the following options.
Trupti shall be help in her English lessons by Anamika.
Trupti shall be helping in her English lessons by Anamika.
Anamika shall be helped in her English lessons by Trupti.
Trupti shall be helped in her English lessons by Anamika.
Remember, the form for simple future passive is ‘object + will/shall + be + past participle of the main verb.’ Options 1 and 2 do not use the past participle of the main verb and option 3 is grammatically correct but uses the wrong object (note that Anamika is to help Trupti and not vice versa)
2.
'Will they invite us to the wedding celebrations?'
Rewrite the sentence in simple future passive form. Choose from the following options.
Will we be invite to the wedding celebrations by them?
Will we be inviting to the wedding celebrations by them?
Will we be invited to the wedding celebrations by them?
Will we be invites to the wedding celebrations by them?
Remember, the form for simple future passive in question form is 'will/shall + object + be + past participle of the main verb.’ The other options do not use the past participle of 'invite'
3.
'Will you not have joined French classes again?'
Rewrite the sentence in future perfect passive form. Choose from the following options.
Will French classes not have been joined by you again?
Will French classes have not been joined by you again?
Will not French classes have been joined by you again?
Will French classes have been not joined by you again?
Remember, the form for a negative future perfect passive in question form is 'will/shall + object + not + have + been + past participle of the main verb.’ The other options do not use the 'not have been' phrase
4.
'Roger Federer will play in the US Open.'
Rewrite the sentence in simple future passive form. Choose from the following options.
The US Open will be played in by Roger Federer.
The US Open will been played in by Roger Federer.
The US Open will being played in by Roger Federer.
The US Open will have been played in by Roger Federer.
Remember, the form for simple future passive is ‘object + will/shall + be + past participle of the main verb.’ Options 2 and 3 do not use the correct form and option 4 is in future perfect tense
5.
'I shall have charged the battery.'
Rewrite the sentence in future perfect passive form. Choose from the following options.
The battery shall be charged by me.
The battery shall have been charge by me.
The battery shall have been charged by me.
The battery shall have been charging by me.
Remember, the form for future perfect passive is ‘object + will/shall + have + been + past participle of the main verb.’ Option 1 is in simple future tense and options 2 and 4 do not use the past participle of 'charge'
6.
'Will the locusts have damaged our crops?'
Rewrite the sentence in future perfect passive form. Choose from the following options.
Will our crops be damaged by locusts?
Will our crops have been damaged by locusts?
Will our crops have damaged by locusts?
Will our crops been damaged by locusts?
Remember, the form for future perfect passive in question form is 'will/shall + object + have + been + past participle of the main verb.’ Option 1 is in simple future tense and options 3 and 4 do not use the 'have been' phrase
7.
'Pakistan will not have formulated a cogent policy on terrorism.'
Rewrite the sentence in future perfect passive form. Choose from the following options.
A cogent policy on terrorism will not have been formulate by Pakistan.
A cogent policy on terrorism will not have been formulating by Pakistan.
A cogent policy on terrorism will not have been formulates by Pakistan.
A cogent policy on terrorism will not have been formulated by Pakistan.
Remember, the form for a negative future perfect passive is ‘object + will/shall + not + have + been + past participle of the main verb.’ The other options do not use the past participle of 'formulate'
8.
'Shall he not take the ECG?'
Rewrite the sentence in simple future passive form. Choose from the following options.
Shall the ECG not be take by him.
Shall the ECG not be took by him.
Shall the ECG not be takes by him.
Shall the ECG not be taken by him.
Remember the form for a negative simple future passive in question form is 'will/shall + object + not + be + past participle of the main verb.’ The other options do not use the past participle of 'take'
9.
'By 7 PM tonight, I will have passed Chittoor on my way to Chennai from Bangalore.'
Rewrite the sentence in future perfect passive form. Choose from the following options.
On my way to Chennai from Bangalore, Chittoor will have been passed by me by 7 PM tonight.
On my way to Chennai from Bangalore, Chittoor will be passed by me by 7 PM tonight.
On my way to Chennai from Bangalore, Chittoor will have passed by me by 7 PM tonight.
On my way to Chennai from Bangalore, Chittoor will have been passing by me by 7 PM tonight.
Remember, the form for future perfect passive is ‘object + will/shall + have + been + past participle of the main verb.’ Option 2 is in simple future tense, option 3 does not use the 'have been' form and option 4 does not use the past participle of 'pass'
10.
'India will not attempt a manned space programme before 2022.'
Rewrite the sentence in simple future passive form. Choose from the following options.
A manned space programme will not be attempt by India before 2022.
A manned space programme will not be attempted by India before 2022.
A manned space programme will not be attempts by India before 2022.
A manned space programme will not be attempting by India before 2022.
Remember, in negative sentences, the form for simple future passive is ‘object + will/shall + not + be + past participle of the main verb.’ The other options do not use the past participle of the main verb
Author:  V T Narendra

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