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Adjectives 5 - Adjectives of Comparison
Tigers are heavy but how does their weight compare to that of an elephant?

Adjectives 5 - Adjectives of Comparison

Continuing with adjectives we now look at Adjectives of Comparison. Look at the following sentences:

"June is warm."
"July is warmer than June."
"July is the warmest month of the year."

Here we find that 'warm,' 'warmer' and 'warmest' are all adjectives of different degrees. These adjectives are used to describe nouns in the positive degree (warm) or comparative degree (warmer) or superlative degree (warmest), and help us to make comparisons.

In the positive degree we use an adjective that can stand by itself and applies to the noun that we are describing. In the example cited we can say that the weather in the month of June is warm. However, when we compare the weather in the months of June and July we find that ‘warm’ cannot stand by itself and we need a different word. Thus, we use ‘warmer’ and now the second sentence makes sense. This form of usage is of the comparative degree and usually you require two items to be compared.

Now, what do we do when we have more than two items to compare? In the example of the weather, there are twelve months in a year and we find that the month of July has the highest temperature as compared to the other months. We can safely say that the weather in July is the warmest in the year. Here, the word ‘warmest’ is used in the superlative degree. The superlative degree is used when you compare a whole series or an entire list.

Again, to reiterate, adjectives of comparison can be used to compare ideas, places, persons, things or animals. Adjectives of comparison introduce a sense of proportion and the reader gets to compare and determine whether one is better or the best. In the following quiz you will learn the comparative forms of some different words.

1.
Fill in the blank with the correct adjective - "The Pyramids are the --- visited monuments in the world."
More
Lesser
Most
Bad
Since we are looking at the whole world, we need to use the superlative degree and hence 'Most' is the correct answer
2.
Fill in the blank with the correct adjective - "Today's weather is --- than yesterday's."
Best
Worse
Worst
Most
'Worse' is an irregular adjective representing the comparative degree. 'Worst' is used to show the superlative degree
3.
Fill in the blank with the correct adjective - "The newly released picture was the --- in the series."
Bad
Worse
Better
Worst
Since we are looking at the whole picture series we need to use the superlative degree and 'Worst' is the correct answer
4.
Fill in the blank with the correct adjective - "Mount Everest is --- difficult to climb than Mount Kanchenjunga."
Most
More
Least
Many
Since we are comparing two mountains, we need an adjective in the comparative degree and 'More' is the correct answer
5.
Fill in the blank with the correct adjective - "The mouse is a --- animal."
Smaller
Smallest
Small
Bigger
Since the mouse is not being compared to any other animal, we need to use an adjective of the positive degree and 'Small' is the correct answer
6.
Fill in the blank with the correct adjective - "Is the elephant --- than a tiger?"
Heaviest
Light
Heavy
Heavier
Since we are comparing two animals, we need to use the comparative degree and 'Heavier' is the correct answer
7.
Fill in the blank with the correct adjective - "Is Bangalore the --- populated city in India?"
More
Less
Least
Lesser
Since we are looking at the whole of India we need to use the superlative degree and 'Least' is the correct answer
8.
Fill in the blank with the correct adjective - "He is --- than him."
Taller
Tall
Tallest
Short
'Taller' is used when you compare the height of two persons or objects and so 'Taller' is the adjective in the comparative degree
9.
Fill in the blank with the correct adjective - "Ramesh is the --- boy in the class."
Short
Shorter
Shortest
Most
The adjective in the superlative degree (in this case 'shortest') is used when you compare the height of all the boys in the whole class. 'Most' is normally used in conjunction with another word
10.
Fill in the blank with the correct adjective - "The --- movie in the year 1969 was Cleopatra."
Better
Best
Worse
Bad
Since we are comparing all the films in 1969, we need to use the superlative degree and 'Best' is the correct answer. 'Better' and 'Worse' are comparative degree whereas 'Bad' is positive degree
Author:  V T Narendra

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