Volcanic eruption against blue sky
Read the stories about volcanoes before answering the questions.

Grade 4 Reading Information - Information Integration

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Speaking fully about a topic requires students to research several sources. Usually, students can gather different facts from different sources even though they are about the same topic. The student must then be able to bring the facts together by categorizing them into their similarities. After that, they are ready to write or speak about the topic. In this quiz, students will analyze two sources about volcanoes and then answer questions about those sources.

Story 1 - Volcanoes

Volcanoes erupt from the shifting of tectonic plates. One plate shifts and moves underneath another plate. When this happens, an earthquake, tsunami or other disaster may take place. Then water seeps into the plates. The rock surrounding the plates will melt at cooler temperatures. Then it comes into contact with other rock. Pressure forms as the rock or magma moves up to the surface and breaks through.

Another way that a volcano erupts is through rifting. This way begins with the crust flattening out. When the crust is flattening out, the pressure lowers. Again, similar to the first way, the rock melts at a cooler temperature. Then the magma of rock moves up through the volcanic mountain until it erupts.

There is one way that a volcano erupts without having lower temperatures and lower pressure. There are certain times when the rock underneath the surface gets very hot. In this case, it builds pressure and forces the hot magma through the volcanic mountain. These are known as hot spots.

Story 2 - Volcanoes

The majority of volcanoes are found in an area surrounding the Pacific Ocean. It is called the Pacific Ring of Fire. The tectonic plates and their location play a part in where volcanoes are and their eruptions.

Hawaii is known for having a large number of volcanoes. There are actually five active volcanoes in Hawaii which means they could erupt at any time. Volcanoes can erupt in one large lava flow or they can slightly spew out lava. The volcano Kilauea is still erupting after 25 years.

Probably the most famous volcanic eruption was in 1980 when Mount St. Helens erupted. This volcano is located in the state of Washington. The large volcanic eruption triggered many smaller earthquakes in the surrounding areas. Over 50 people died from the eruption and millions of dollars in damage was caused by this eruption.
1.
Read Story 1 - Volcanoes above.
What fact could you gather from this story?
Volcanoes can erupt in hot temperatures.
Mount St. Helens erupted in 1980.
Most volcanoes are located near the Pacific Ocean.
Many active volcanoes are located in Hawaii.
This fact is located in the first story.
2.
Read Story 1 - Volcanoes above.
What fact could you gather from this story?
The greatest number of volcanoes are located in the Pacific Ring of Fire.
Over 50 people died from the Mt. St. Helens' eruption.
One volcano has been erupting for 25 years.
The Earth's crust flattens out.
When the Earth's crust flattens out, it could cause a volcanic eruption.
3.
Read Story 1 - Volcanoes above.
What fact could you gather from this story?
When a volcano erupts, the lava may pour out fast or slowly.
Hawaii has many volcanoes.
Low pressure may cause a volcanic eruption.
Tornadoes usually do not result from volcanic eruptions.
This information is located in the first story and within the first two paragraphs.
4.
Read Story 1 - Volcanoes above.
What fact could you gather from this story?
Volcanic eruptions can cause a lot of damage.
Mt. St. Helens in located in Washington state.
Rifting is one cause of a volcanic eruption.
The volcano Kilauea is located in Hawaii.
This fact can be found in the first story within the second paragraph.
5.
Read Story 1 - Volcanoes above.
What facts would you mostly find in this source?
Results of volcanoes.
Causes of volcanoes.
Location of volcanoes.
Destruction of volcanoes.
The story contains different ways a volcanic eruption can occur.
6.
Read Story 2 - Volcanoes above.
What fact could you gather from this story?
It is more likely that a volcanic eruption occurs from lower pressures.
The Pacific Ring of Fire contains many volcanoes.
Hot spots occur when pressure forces hot magma up the mountain.
Water is a part of a volcanic eruption.
The Pacific Ring of Fire is detailed in the second story.
7.
Read Story 2 - Volcanoes above.
What fact could you gather from this story?
Pressure causes volcanic eruptions.
Smaller earthquakes took place after Mt. St. Helens erupted.
Rock will melt due to temperature and pressure.
Heat cause volcanic eruptions.
After Mt. St. Helens erupted, the people near the volcano experienced small earthquakes.
8.
Read Story 2 - Volcanoes above.
What fact could you gather from this story?
Only a few volcanic eruptions take place due to high pressure.
Hot spots is another name for when a volcanic eruption may take place.
Some volcanoes erupt for many years.
A volcanic eruption took place in Pompeii.
The volcano Kilauea has been erupting for over 20 years.
9.
Read Story 2 - Volcanoes above.
What facts would you mostly find in this source?
Results of volcanoes
Causes of volcanoes
Locations of volcanoes
Destruction of volcanoes
This story gives examples and explanations of the locations of volcanoes.
10.
Read Story 1 - Volcanoes above and Story 2 - Volcanoes above.
What fact can be found in both texts?
Tectonic plates are involved in volcanic eruptions.
The crust may flatten out.
Hawaii has active volcanoes.
Pressure causes some volcanoes.
The tectonic plates are mentioned in both stories.
Author:  Amy Flanders

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