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Periodic Table - Transition Elements
Due to its softness, malachite is often used for carving.

Periodic Table - Transition Elements

This Chemistry quiz is called 'Periodic Table - Transition Elements' and it has been written by teachers to help you if you are studying the subject at high school. Playing educational quizzes is a user-friendly way to learn if you are in the 9th or 10th grade - aged 14 to 16.

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For high school Chemistry, an understanding of the periodic table is required. In this particular quiz we focus on the transition elements (or the transition metals), which are found between groups 2 and 3 (please note that a few schools teach group 3 is called group 13).

1.
Where on the periodic table are the transition elements found?
On the right
On the left
In the middle
At the bottom
The transition elements are found in a block from scandium to zinc in the center of the periodic table
2.
Which of the following is NOT a property of the transition metals?
Hard
Malleable
Good thermal conductor
Low boiling point
The transition metals are 'typical' metals with one exception
3.
Many of the properties of the transition metals are due to their electronic arrangement. How is this different to other metals?
There is a partially filled electron shell between shells 2 and 3
There is a partially filled electron shell between shells 1 and 2
There is a partially filled electron shell between shells 3 and 4
The innermost electron shell has 4 electrons in it
This property explains why the transition metals form colored compounds and results in their use as catalysts
4.
One alloy made from a transition element is bronze, produced from copper and tin. Bronze was used in the manufacture of swords. They were found to be much harder than swords made of pure copper or tin. Why are bronze swords harder than copper swords?
In the pure element, the atoms are arranged in sheets where they can slide over each other. With bronze, the tin atoms prevent this from happening
In the pure element, the atoms are arranged haphazardly and are hard to move
In the pure element, the atoms are not able to move at all, but in the alloy, the atoms can move around
The tin atoms in the alloy allow the copper atoms to move freely making the alloy really strong
In an exam question, a diagram will help you to explain this
5.
Many transition elements are mixed with other elements to form very useful alloys. Which of the following is NOT a correct mixture for a useful alloy?
Copper and zinc to make brass
Iron and carbon to make mild steel
Iron and copper to make stainless steel
Copper and tin to make bronze
Stainless steel is made of iron, chromium and sometimes nickel
6.
What does the Roman numeral in brackets after a transition element's name signify?
The number of atoms in the compound
The number of bonds formed
The type of ion formed
The number of atoms it is bonded with
e.g. Copper (II) is Cu2+ ions in a compound
7.
Transition element compounds are often used as colored pigments to stain glass and pottery. What color does malachite (a copper compound) produce?
Blue
Green
Red
White
Malachite is a naturally occurring mineral well known for its bright green color. It is often used for jewelry and, due to its softness, for carving
8.
Transition elements are often used as catalysts. Select the INCORRECT pairing of catalyst and process.
Platinum in car exhausts
Iron and Haber process
Nickel and the hydrogenation of oils
Manganese and the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide
Manganese (IV) oxide (MnO2) is used in the process of production of oxygen gas in the laboratory
9.
Which transition metal is the 'odd one out'?
Copper
Mercury
Gold
Vanadium
Mercury is the only metal that is a liquid at room temperature
10.
Transition elements often form colored compounds. Pick the correct colors for the following compounds.
Iron (II) pale green
Iron (III) reddish brown
Copper (II) blue
Iron (II) reddish brown
Iron (III) blue
Copper (II) green
Iron (II) green
Iron (III) pale blue
Copper (II) brown
Iron (II) dark blue
Iron (III) pale green
Copper (II) bright red
The brownish red of iron (III) is the distinctive color we associate with rust
Author:  Kate Gardiner

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