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Electricity - Current, Charge and Power
In a filament lamp, most of the energy is lost as heat.

Electricity - Current, Charge and Power

This Physics quiz is called 'Electricity - Current, Charge and Power' and it has been written by teachers to help you if you are studying the subject at senior high school. Playing educational quizzes is one of the most efficienct ways to learn if you are in the 11th or 12th grade - aged 16 to 18.

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Knowing how current, charge and power are calculated is extremely helpful in senior high school Physics when considering electrical circuits. In everyday life, there is a wide choice of electrical appliances available to buy. They are all designed to transfer electrical energy into other forms of energy, but not all appliances are as efficient as one another.

If a charge flows through a resistor, which of the following happens to the resistor?
It gets colder
It gets hotter
It becomes positively charged
A resistor makes it harder for the electrons to pass and some of their energy is transferred into heat by the resistor
In a filament lamp, in what form is most of the energy lost?
Kinetic energy
Radio waves
The filament is a resistance wire that is designed to become so hot that it emits energy in the visible light part of the spectrum
What is power?
The number of repetitions of squats a body-builder can perform
The number of cylinders in a car
The rate at which energy is absorbed
The rate at which energy is transferred
In everyday language, power can have several meanings but in physics, it always means the same thing whether it is in an electrical or a mechanical context
What is the formula for power?
P = Et
P = tE
P = E2t
P = 2Et
If the units you use for energy and time are joules and seconds, the power will be in watts
Calculate the power of an appliance that uses 1000 joules of energy in 5 seconds.
100 W
200 W
300 W
400 W
Power is the rate at which energy is transferred therefore you need to divide the energy by the time during which it was being transferred. 1000 divided by 5 gives you the answer of 200. Since the energy transferred is in joules and the time in seconds, the power has been calculated in watts
Power, potential difference and current are correctly related by which equation?
P = I x V
P = 2I x V
P = IV
P = I2V
This is a very handy equation - make sure you learn it well and can rearrange it to work out the current or potential difference
What is the voltage of an appliance if it uses 200 J per second when supplied with a current of 5 A?
10 V
20 V
30 V
40 V
Always ensure you give units in your answer. Marks can be lost for missing them out!
Which equation correctly shows the relationship between energy transferred, voltage and charge?
E = V x Q
E = 2V x Q
E = VQ
E = QV
You can substitute current and power in place of voltage if it is not given in a question. You need to use this formula and combine it with the one given in question 6
What is the energy transferred if the voltage is 5 V and the charge is 10 C?
50 J
25 J
Whilst you would get a mark for answering 50 you would lose a mark for not giving units with your answer. If you are struggling to calculate an answer to a numerical question, always put a number with the correct units! At least you will get a mark for using the correct units
What size of fuse would be required for a 230 V, 500 W heater?
3 A
5 A
13 A
1 A
To find out the most appropriate fuse to use, calculate the current flowing through the appliance. The fuse should have a rating slightly higher than the current
Author:  Martin Moore

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