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African Flags 2
Our species, Homo Sapiens, evolved in Africa some 200,000 years ago.

African Flags 2

Africa is the second largest of the Earth's continents. It covers an area of 11,668,599 square miles (30,221,532 square km), has a coastline 16,000 miles (26,000 km) long and measures 5,000 miles (8,000 km) north to south, and 4,600 miles (7,400 km) east to west.

The total population of Africa is approximately 1,100,000,000 - roughly 15% of the world as a whole. They live in 54 recognised countries, under 58 different flags. This quiz is about just ten of those.

To which African country, whose capital is Addis Ababa, does this flag belong?
Ethiopia has a rich history. It has existed as a nation since the 12th century but the land was civilised approximately 1,000 BC as the Kingdom of D'mt. In addition, Ethiopia is thought to be where our species, Homo Sapiens Sapiens, first emerged around 200,000 years ago
This flag represents the largest nation in Africa, with an area of 919,595 square miles (2,381,741 square km). To which country does it belong?
D R Congo
Algeria's size is not matched by its population. Despite being eleven times larger than Germany, it has less than half the number of citizens - roughly 38,700,000
This flag represents the Ivory Coast, however, that name is not recognised by the country's government. What is the official name of the Ivory Coast?
Côte d'Or
Côte d'Orange
Côte d'Ivoire
Côte d'Oiseaux
The nation used to be a French colony which traded in ivory, hence the name. Despite complaints from the Côte d'Ivoire government, the name Ivory Coast is often still used in English speaking countries (for example, in this quiz!)
This is the flag of which country? It is found in the west of Africa and has no coastline. The largest of the country's administrative regions, Timbuktu, is famous in Europe as a legendary far away and hard to reach destination.
Timbuktu gained legendary status in 1390 when its ruler, Mansa Musa, the Emperor of Mali, visited Egypt when he was en route to Mecca. Whilst there he gave out so much gold that the Egyptian currency declined in value. Stories began to be spread about the city of Timbuktu, where the roads and the roofs were made of gold. Not surprisingly, Europeans wanted to find this elusive city!
Almost identical to the flag of Mali, though with its colours reversed, is the flag of which nation? It has a border with Mali and its capital city is Conakry.
Guinea is sometimes called Guinea-Conakry, utilising the name of its capital city to distinguish it from Equatorial Guinea and Guinea-Bissau, which have similar names.
The colours used in the nation's flag are those of the Pan-African movement, which encourages solidarity between all Africans around the world
This flag belongs to which country which is landlocked except for the border it has with lake Tanganyika? It's land borders are with Rwanda, Tanzania and D R Congo, and its capital city is Bujumbura.
Burkina Faso
Sierra Leone
Burundi is counted amongst the 5 poorest nations in the world and it is officially the hungriest, with 38.8% of the population undernourished.
The three stars found on the flag represent the national motto - "Unity, Work, Progress."
This flag represents which country on the west coast of Central Africa? Its capital city, Brazzaville, was also the symbolic capital of France for three years during World War II
Republic of the Congo
As the country was a French colony at the time, Brazzaville was symbolically recognised as the capital of Free France during Germany's annexation of the mother country from 1940-1943
This flag belongs to which small country, which is completely surrounded by South Africa?
Since its independence from Britain in 1966 Lesotho has had three official flags. The first was replaced in 1987 following a military coup. This new flag was adopted in 2006 with the central symbol changing from white, as it was in the original flag, to black, to represent Lesotho as a black nation
This is the flag of which nation on the Horn of Africa? It has a population of roughly 810,000 and is the same size as Wales. The country shares its name with its capital city.
Despite its small size, Djibouti is of strategic importance due to its position at the joining point between the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea - one of the world's busiest shipping lanes. It is the main port for goods on their way to neighbouring Ethiopia, and it is the home of an American naval base
Which island nation, just over twice the size of the Isle of Wight, is represented by this flag? The island was named after St Thomas by its discoverers who arrived on his feast day.
São Penza
Santa Cruz
São Tomé and Príncipe
Santa Barbera
Sao Tome and Príncipe is a nation of islands, the two main ones together giving the country its name. It is off the west coast of Africa, in the Gulf of Guinea. It has a population of approximately 187,000 - that's roughly the same as the town of Swindon in Wiltshire


Author:  Graeme Haw

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