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European Flags 3
Alexander the Great. Conqueror of the largest empire the world had ever seen, and king of which small country?

European Flags 3

What we think of as Western Culture began in Europe. In ancient Greece European philosophers and scientists first emerged, alongside the beginnings of Democracy. After the Greeks came the Romans, who brought order to the rest of the continent, and spread their new faith, Christianity, to all corners of their empire.

The middle ages saw a decline in the standing of Europe, before the renaissance brought it back to its position of dominance; a position which it maintained for over 500 years until the aftermath of World War Two.

Today, the once vast empires of the European powers are gone and the continent is divided between more than 50 states and territories. This quiz is about 10 of those, and the flags which represent them.

This is the flag of which country? It is home to Lake Balaton, the largest lake in Central Europe, and the Hortobagy, the largest natural grassland in all of Europe..
The current Hungarian flag was adopted in 1957 when the Communist symbol, which had replaced the Hungarian coat of arms on the flag, was removed. The coat of arms was not readopted
The green, white and red on the Italian flag are said by some to represent the countryside, the snow capped mountains and the blood shed in the wars of independence. A more religious interpretation of the flag has the colours representing which three virtues?
Humility, innocence and piety
Wisdom, serenity and acceptance
Hope, faith and charity
Obedience, fasting and hospitality
Italy is quite a religious country, with 87.8% of the population being Roman Catholics, though strangely, according to a 'Eurobarometer' Poll in 2010 only 74% of Italians believe in God!
This flag belongs to which autonomous and Swedish-speaking region of Finland
Faroe Islands
Svalbard & Jan Mayen
Åland Islands
The ownership of the islands has been a matter of dispute between Sweden and Finland. In 1920 the matter was put before the League of Nations, who decided that the islands should remain a part of Finland, but should be given autonomy. Their status has remained that way ever since
Which country is represented by this flag? It has a population of 4.5 million people, one quarter of whom live in the capital city.
The Republic of Ireland
The green on the Irish flag represents its predominantly Catholic republican movement, which helped it to gain independence from Britain. The orange represents the minority Protestant community of Ireland, and the white symbolises peace between the two factions
To which British Crown Dependency does this flag belong? It has a population of 65,000 and its capital is the town of Saint Peter Port.
Isle of Man
The Bailiwick of Guernsey (a Bailiwick is a place governed by a bailiff) includes the islands of Sark, Alderney, Lihou, Jethou and Herm. The two Bailiwicks, Jersey and Guernsey, make up the 8 inhabited and 11 uninhabited Channel Islands
The country represented by this flag is often referred to as Britain, but what is its proper name?
The British Empire
The United Kingdom of Britain
Great Britain
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
The United Kingdom includes both Great Britain (the largest of the British Isles, and home of England, Scotland and Wales) and the North-eastern part of the island of Ireland (Northern Ireland). Together, these four countries are known as the United Kingdom
Which country, a recognised principality since 768 AD, and a former part of Yugoslavia, is represented by this flag?
The country, Yugoslavia, was formed by the break-up of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after World War One. Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia and Montenegro were united and the Serbian city, Belgrade, became the capital of Yugoslavia. Yugoslavia itself broke up in the 1990s and its former regions became independent
To which modern day country does this flag belong? It shares its name with ancient general Alexander the Great's homeland.
Alexander the Great was the King of Macedonia during the 4th century BC. He went on to conquer the largest empire the world had seen at that time, stretching as far east as India. After Alexander's death his empire crumbled and since then Macedonia has been governed by Romans, Bulgarians, Normans, Serbians and Ottomans. Following the defeat of the Ottomans in World War One, Macedonia was made a part of the new country, Yugoslavia. It regained its independence in 1991
Which country, whose capital city is Bucharest, is represented by this flag?
The Romanian flag is almost identical to the flag of Chad, differing only in the shade of blue. In 2004 the United Nations discussed the issue caused by the similarity between the two flags, but the Romanian president refused to make any alterations. He can perhaps be forgiven for that, as the Romanian flag was adopted in 1848 - the flag of Chad coming some 111 years later
Which country, the only grand duchy remaining in the world today, is represented by this flag?
The Netherlands
Luxembourg has had over 50 monarchs, from counts to dukes and arch-dukes. The current monarch is Arch-Duke Henri, who came to the throne in October 2000


Author:  Graeme Haw

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