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The king of Persia decreed that his treasurers should give wine to Ezra.


A major theme of the book of Ezra is the building of the second temple, a reminder to the people of their link to the first temple of Solomon. It is the fifteenth book in the Bible and continues the story where II Chronicles left off which recounts the history of the Israelites after their return home from exile in Babylon.

All quotations from the Bible are taken from the Authorised King James Version.
The exiled Israelites were led back into their homeland by a descendant of King David. What was his name?
He was called Jonathon
He was called David
He was called Zerubbabel
He was called Solomon
Zerubbabel was the grandson of Jehoiachin, a former king of Judah. The Book of Ezra gives the names of some of Zerubbabel's companions.

Ezra 2:1-2
"Now these are the children of the province that went up out of the captivity, of those which had been carried away, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away unto Babylon, and came again unto Jerusalem and Judah, every one unto his city; which came with Zerubbabel: Jeshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah, Reelaiah, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispar, Bigvai, Rehum, Baanah"
A total of how many people did Zerubbabel lead back into Judah?
13,897 people
31,897 people
49,897 people
94,897 people
Ezra 2:64-65
"The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore, beside their servants and their maids, of whom there were seven thousand three hundred thirty and seven: and there were among them two hundred singing men and singing women."

There were 42,360 citizens, 7,337 servants and maids and 200 choir members. A total of 49,897 people!
On his return from exile, Zerubbabel began work to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem. The Persian king, Artaxerxes, stopped the work at the request of men who had colonised Judah in the absence of the Israelites. In what form was his command given?
It was written in a letter
It was given in a vision
It was inscribed in stone
It was spoken by a messenger
Ezra 4:23-24
"Now when the copy of king Artaxerxes’ letter was read before Rehum, and Shimshai the scribe, and their companions, they went up in haste to Jerusalem unto the Jews, and made them to cease by force and power. Then ceased the work of the house of God which is at Jerusalem. So it ceased unto the second year of the reign of Darius king of Persia."

Though the Jews had been given permission to return home, they were still under the rulership of the Persian kings. Zerubbabel was not a king of Judah, only its governor
The Persian King Darius decreed that what should happen to the Jewish temple in Jerusalem?
That it should be dismantled
That everything should be done to aid its construction
That it should be burned down
That the Jews should be left alone to complete it
Darius found out about Cyrus' promise to the Jews to let them build a temple. Because of this Darius decreed that all help should be given to the Jews in their endeavours.

Ezra 6:8-9
"Moreover I make a decree what ye shall do to the elders of these Jews for the building of this house of God: that of the king’s goods, even of the tribute beyond the river, forthwith expences be given unto these men, that they be not hindered. And that which they have need of, both young bullocks, and rams, and lambs, for the burnt offerings of the God of heaven, wheat, salt, wine, and oil, according to the appointment of the priests which are at Jerusalem, let it be given them day by day without fail"
When the temple was finally completed the Israelites held a feast to dedicate it to God. During this feast how many animals were sacrificed?
127 animals were sacrificed to God
172 animals were sacrificed to God
217 animals were sacrificed to God
712 animals were sacrificed to God
Ezra 6:17
"and offered at the dedication of this house of God an hundred bullocks, two hundred rams, four hundred lambs; and for a sin offering for all Israel, twelve he goats, according to the number of the tribes of Israel"
A second migration of Israelites from Babylon to Judah was led by a descendant of Aaron, the first High Priest. What was his name?
He was called Zerahiah
He was called Zadok
He was called Uzzi
He was called Ezra
The Book of Ezra is named after him. He was chosen to reteach the Laws of God to his people.

Ezra 7:9-10
"For upon the first day of the first month began he to go up from Babylon, and on the first day of the fifth month came he to Jerusalem, according to the good hand of his God upon him. For Ezra had prepared his heart to seek the law of the Lord, and to do it, and to teach in Israel statutes and judgments"
The king of Persia decreed that his treasurers should give how much wine to Ezra if he asked for it?
100 baths of wine
100 gallons of wine
100 bottles of wine
100 glasses of wine
The king also said that Ezra should be given 100 talents of silver, 100 measures of wheat, 100 baths of oil and as much salt as he wished. Ezra was very grateful to God for the king's decree:

Ezra 7:27-28
"Blessed be the Lord God of our fathers, which hath put such a thing as this in the king’s heart, to beautify the house of the Lord which is in Jerusalem: and hath extended mercy unto me before the king, and his counsellors, and before all the king’s mighty princes. And I was strengthened as the hand of the Lord my God was upon me, and I gathered together out of Israel chief men to go up with me"
On his journey to Judah Ezra fasted and prayed to God for what?
That God would show them the right way
That God would protect their children
That God would protect their goods
All of the above
Ezra had refused to ask the king for protection, saying that God would look after them.

Ezra 8:21-23
"Then I proclaimed a fast there, at the river of Ahava, that we might afflict ourselves before our God, to seek of him a right way for us, and for our little ones, and for all our substance. For I was ashamed to require of the king a band of soldiers and horsemen to help us against the enemy in the way: because we had spoken unto the king, saying, The hand of our God is upon all them for good that seek him; but his power and his wrath is against all them that forsake him. So we fasted and besought our God for this: and he was intreated of us"
On their arrival in Jerusalem Ezra's followers made sacrifices to God. They sacrificed 12 bullocks, 77 lambs, 96 rams and how many goats?
7 goats
12 goats
96 goats
144 goats
Ezra 8:35
"Also the children of those that had been carried away, which were come out of the captivity, offered burnt offerings unto the God of Israel, twelve bullocks for all Israel, ninety and six rams, seventy and seven lambs, twelve he goats for a sin offering: all this was a burnt offering unto the Lord."

The sacrifices were a necessary atonement for people's sin at the time, before the coming of Jesus
Ezra called a great assembly of the Israelites to warn them of their sin. What had they done which angered Ezra?
They had built a stone idol
They had eaten forbidden food
They had married foreign women
They had done all of the above
Ezra feared that the foreign wives would lead their husbands astray and away from the Law of God.

Ezra 10:10-12
"And Ezra the priest stood up, and said unto them, Ye have transgressed, and have taken strange wives, to increase the trespass of Israel. Now therefore make confession unto the Lord God of your fathers, and do his pleasure: and separate yourselves from the people of the land, and from the strange wives. Then all the congregation answered and said with a loud voice, As thou hast said, so must we do"


Author:  Graeme Haw

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