Muscles
The tongue is not an involuntary muscle.

Muscles

As a part of KS2 Science children will learn about muscles in both humans and animals. This quiz looks at some of the different types of muscles, what they are made from and how they work by contracting and relaxing.

Muscles are tissues that produce movement in the bodies of animals and humans. They are made from stretchy bundles of protein fibres. Did you know that the word 'muscle' comes from the Latin name for 'mouse'? This is because muscles, when contracting and relaxing, reminded people of how mice move. Next time you're checking your biceps, have a look in the mirror to see if you agree!

Do animals all have muscles or is it just humans who do? Contracting your biceps leads to which muscle relaxing? See what you know about muscles by taking this science quiz.

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  1. Your facial muscles allow you to do what?
    You have more than 30 facial muscles. These allow you to make an enormous range of facial expressions
  2. What attaches muscles to the skeleton?
    Ligaments hold bones together at the joints
  3. Which of these is not an involuntary muscle?
    The diaphragm (the powerful muscle under your lungs) is interesting - you don't need to make it contract (because it's involuntary), but you can if you want to. That's why people can control their breathing but don't have to think about every breath
  4. When you contract your bicep, what happens?
    Muscles work in pairs: when you contract your tricep, your bicep relaxes and when you contract your bicep, your tricep relaxes
  5. How do voluntary muscles always work?
    Voluntary muscles are the muscles you can control. They are also called 'skeletal' muscles. Involuntary muscles are also called 'smooth' muscles
  6. Skeletal muscles are usually attached to bones at both ends. Which muscle is an exception?
    The tongue is only connected at one end - otherwise, how would you be able to chew and swallow, or even talk?
  7. What are muscles made from?
    Each muscle is actually a bundle of small stretchy fibres made from protein
  8. Which of these is not true?
    All animals have muscles
  9. What do your muscles need in order to work?
    The cells in the muscles can convert oxygen and food into energy
  10. Exercise makes muscles do what?
    The more you use a muscle the bigger and stronger it gets, but if you don't use it, a muscle gets smaller and weaker

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