Physical Processes Vocabulary
The 'highness' or 'lowness' of a sound is the pitch.

Physical Processes Vocabulary

Certain words need to be added to a child's vocabulary in order for them to understand the world. This KS2 Science quiz helps to clarify the meanings of some words used when describing physical processes, such as 'evaporation', 'condensation', 'solute' or 'conduction'.

A physical processes vocabulary is one which includes words used when describing such processes. Isaac Newton was the English scientist who discovered some of the most basic laws about how things work in nature - the 'Three Laws of Motion'. The first law says that an object at rest will stay at rest and a moving object will continue moving at the same speed and direction UNLESS another force acts on either object. In order to talk about physical processes, such as force, you need to know the right scientific words, or vocabulary, to use.

How good are you at describing physical processes? Test yourself with this quiz on Physical Processes Vocabulary.

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  1. What do we call something which produces its own light?
    Things like the Sun or a light bulb are light sources. The Moon and mirrors don't produce light - they merely reflect it
  2. What do we call friction that is caused by air or water?
    If an object has a 'streamlined' shape it has less resistance with water or air
  3. Which force pulls everything towards the centre of the Earth?
    All large bodies, such as the Sun or the Moon, exert gravitational force
  4. Which word means to bounce off a surface, without being absorbed?
    Mirrors reflect light
  5. Which force is caused by the pull of gravity on an object?
    Weight changes if the force of gravity changes - objects do not weigh the same on the Moon as they do on Earth
  6. Which of these words means to spin on an axis?
    The Earth rotates on its own axis
  7. Which force is exerted by a surface when it rubs against another surface?
    Friction slows things down. It also generates heat
  8. What do we call a push or a pull upon an object which is caused by another object?
    All forces are either pushes or pulls
  9. What do we call a material which allows heat or electricity to pass through it?
    Insulators are the opposite of conductors - they stop or slow down heat and electricity
  10. Which word describes the 'highness' or 'lowness' of a sound?
    Some sounds are high pitched, like a whistle. Others are low pitched, like thunder

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