Fossils can be found in sedimentary rocks.


In this KS2 Science quiz we look at some types of rocks, such as basalt or chalk. We also look at some properties of different rocks, like permeability and durability.

Rocks and stones are solid minerals. There are many different types. You may have used chalk on a blackboard but did you know that chalk is a rock? Different rocks have different properties. One kind, pumice, can even float! Basalt is one of the most common rocks on Earth because most of the ocean's floor is made from it. The Giant's Causeway, a famous tourist attraction located in Northern Ireland, is formed from hexagonal basalt columns. These columns formed entirely naturally from cooling lava after an ancient volcanic eruption.

How many types of rocks can you name? Do you know the words that describe their properties? See how much you know about rocks by trying this science quiz.

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  1. Fossils can be found in which type of rocks?
    Sedimentary rocks are formed when layers of mud, dust or shells (sediment) are placed under great pressure from the layers of sediment above them. Living organisms which fall into underwater sediment may eventually become fossils
  2. Which rock can float on water?
    Pumice can float because its density is so low - less than that of water!
  3. 'Durability' means 'able to withstand wear and tear'. Which of these rocks has the greatest durability?
    Aberdeen in Scotland is known as Granite City because of the abundance of the rock found there. Aberdeen granite was used to build the House of Parliament in London
  4. Which type of rock is formed when other rocks are put under huge amounts of heat or pressure?
    'Metamorphosis' means 'to change form'. Diamonds, which are formed from carbon, are examples of metamorphic rocks
  5. What does 'permeability' mean?
    A rock's permeability means how well it allows water to pass through it
  6. Which type of rock is formed from cooled lava or magma?
    Granite is an example of an igneous rock
  7. Which type of rock is formed from mud or shells?
    Limestone is an example of sedimentary rock
  8. Why is slate often used to make roof tiles?
    Slate weathers very well and doesn't let the rain through - these are perfect qualities for a roof
  9. Which one of the following is not a type of rock?
    Organic usually means to do with living things
  10. Which of these rocks is white?
    The famous White Cliffs of Dover are made of chalk

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