Case Study Australia 01
Native Australians are called Aboriginal.

Case Study Australia 01

This KS3 Geography quiz asks questions about Australia. For at least 40,000 years before European settlement in the late 18th century, Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians distinguished as either Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islanders. They lived in hunter-gatherer communities and lived off the land. As with the majority of indigenous people, they lived sustainably and developed.

Australia has a lot of mineral resources, including gold. It also proved to be suitable for raising cattle and sheep. When the early settlers from Europe found gold, diamonds and other precious gemstones, they drove the native Australians from their lands. The same happened as large farms (first mainly sheep and then later, cattle) were developed. Some of the Aboriginals were killed and some died from diseases brought over by the settlers to which they had no resistance. As more settlers arrived, the main cities grew around the natural harbours.

  1. In the 18th century Britain sent what type of people to Australia?
    The penal colony was set up at Botany Bay
  2. Which region has the highest population density?
    The cities of Sydney, Melbourne and Canberra are located here
  3. The Kimberley region is known for mining which of the following?
    Kimberley is in the north-west of the country. Just to confuse everyone, there is another famous Kimberley in South Africa, also famous for mining diamonds!
  4. Why do very few people live in central Australia?
    Temperatures can reach 50°C in summer!
  5. Most of Australia's cities grew around what?
    Very important for trade with other countries
  6. What is found around Australia's northern coast?
    A result of the heavy rainfall and high temperatures
  7. Which is Australia's only major inland city?
    It is a purpose-built capital city that dates from the early part of the 20th century
  8. Australia is the world's largest exporter of what?
    The sheep ranches are much larger than sheep farms in Britain
  9. Which mountain range lies in south-east Australia?
    Mount Kosciuszko, Australia's highest peak at 2,228 metres (7,310 ft) above sea level, is part of this mountain range
  10. Australia's native people have what name?
    They probably migrated to Australia from Asia approx. 50,000 years ago

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