Natural Hazards and Diseases 01
Test your geography skills in this quiz.

Natural Hazards and Diseases 01

This KS3 Geography quiz will challenge you on natural hazards and diseases. There are many different natural hazards faced by humans right around the world. Here in the UK, the two that are most often in the news are flooding and high winds. In other parts of the world, the hazards can be different, for example earthquakes and tsunamis. Tsunami waves travel across oceans at speeds of up to 500mph (800kmh). Out in the ocean, they are barely noticeable. When they reach land, it's a different story. These highly destructive waves can flood large areas to a depth of several metres and destroy almost everything in their path.

In tropical areas like the Caribbean, huge tropical storms called hurricanes (the same as typhoons in the Pacific Ocean or cyclones in the Indian Ocean) cause huge amounts of damage when they reach land. They bring winds of well over 100mph and torrential rain. At the centre of a tropical storm, there is a calm area of clear skies called the eye. But not all natural hazards come from the weather or plate tectonics. In some countries, diseases carried by insects and other animals are a major problem.

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  1. Malaria and which other disease are caused by mosquitoes?
    Sleeping sickness is carried by tsetse flies
  2. Tropical storms in the Caribbean have what name?
    They are called cyclones in the Indian Ocean
  3. Which type of mosquito spreads malaria?
    They breed in stagnant, still water - ditches, swamps etc.
  4. Which MEDC is not at risk from tropical storms?
    In the Atlantic, tropical storms form mainly in the west over the Caribbean Sea
  5. What are tropical storms called in the region of the Pacific Ocean?
    Most typhoons form between June and November
  6. What is the calm centre of a hurricane called?
    At the centre of the storm, cold air is descending and warming up so there are no clouds and very little wind
  7. Beri beri and rickets are caused by lack of what?
    Beri beri is lack of vitamin B, rickets a lack of vitamin D
  8. The HIV virus can lead to which disease?
    In Africa over 1 million people are infected with HIV every year
  9. Which disease is not caused by drinking dirty water?
    This is a viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes
  10. What is the common name for Bilharzia?
    Tropical snail larvae work their way into the body through the feet!

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