O. S. Maps 01
Which symbol on an O.S. map denotes a battle site?

O. S. Maps 01

This KS3 quiz looks at O. S. maps. An important topic in the field of Geography is maps. Ordnance Survey (O.S.) is the national mapping agency of the UK and one of the world's largest producers of maps. After the Scottish rebellion in 1745, the government ordered its Ministry of Defence (which was called the 'Board of Ordnance' at the time) to carry out a survey of the Scottish Highlands. This would help the military leaders plan and move troops and weapons around.

Later in the same century, when the government was seriously worried about a French invasion, the same teams mapped the south of England. This also was intended to help with tactics and defence should Britain be invaded. The official start date of this survey was June 21st 1791. Within 3 years, the south coast had been mapped more accurately than ever before. The survey teams used a pair of theodolites to measure angles between important features. The theodolites were set up on high points in the landscape. The first use of the name Ordnance Survey was in 1801 but it wasn't printed on a map until 1810.

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  1. Which of these map scales gives the most detail?
    1 cm on the map represents 5,000 cm on the ground
  2. What colour are motorways on O.S. maps?
    Water features are also blue
  3. If a compass was a clock, which direction lies at 11 o'clock?
    North, south, east and west are known as the cardinal points of the compass
  4. On a scale of 4 cm to 1 km, how far is 25 cm?
    Dividing 25 by 4 gives the answer. We hope that you didn't guess or reach for the calculator - it is easy enough to do this in your head
  5. A spot height is shown by what colour dot?
    The height is printed alongside the dot
  6. Which map symbol shows the site of a battle?
    It will often have the date of the battle next to it
  7. What do the letters PC stand for ?
    Useful to remember when you need the loo!
  8. What is a useful saying when reading O.S. maps?
    This is intended to remind you that when giving or using an O.S. map reference, the first part is the east-west figure and the second part is the north-south figure
  9. Which lines join places lying at the same height?
    They are thin brown lines
  10. How large an area does a 6 figure grid reference represent?
    When navigating, it is important to remember this

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