Population 04
Hong Kong has a very high population density.

Population 04

This KS3 Geography quiz challenges you on population. In a discussion about population, you may hear the words immigrants and immigration. These words are used to describe people who have moved from their country of birth to a different country. They are also sometimes referred to as expats (short for expatriates), depending on who is talking about them. There are many different reasons why people move countries. These include push factors like war, famine or natural disaster and pull factors like better job or educational opportunities.

Most countries do not control their population - an important exception that you need to be aware of is the People's Republic of China. Between 1949 and 1976, China's population almost doubled. The Chinese government feared that if this continued, there would not be enough food to feed everyone so they introduced mandated population control. This was in the form of a 'one child' policy in which families having two or more children were fined heavily. This was changed in 2015 to allow Chinese couples to be able to have two children without being punished.

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  1. What term means someone moving within a country?
    A lot of internal migration involves people from rural populations moving to urban centres
  2. Of these, which has the lowest population density?
    Hong Kong has an average of 6,300 people per square kilometre but they are literally living and working on top of each other as there are many skyscrapers in Hong Kong
  3. Which is an example of international migration?
    The U.N. estimates 100 million people live in a different country from the one where they were born
  4. An ageing population gives what shape of population pyramid?
    A wide base with narrow top indicates a young population
  5. A lot of people in a small area is a what?
    Cities have a denser population than the surrounding rural areas
  6. When educated migrants leave their own country it is called a what?
    If a researcher cannot get funding for their project in their own country, they will try to find a job in a different country where funding is available
  7. Which continent has the most countries with very rapid population increase?
    Most African countries are LEDCs
  8. What is a human factor affecting population density?
    The others are physical factors
  9. For population to decrease what has to happen?
    More die than are born so population drops
  10. What would cause a fall in death rates?
    Untreated diseases and infections kill many people in LEDCs

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