Settlement 01
This photo shows a row of terraced houses.

Settlement 01

This KS3 quiz asks questions about settlement. In Geography a 'settlement' means a community of people - it can be permanent or temporary, large or small. On an O.S. map, modern settlements are marked out by showing the buildings but very old ones that have been abandoned for thousands of years are normally simply marked with the word 'settlement'. The buildings of early settlements were made with whatever materials were easily available in the landscape but modern settlements are made from a variety of natural materials like stone and synthetic materials like brick, glass and concrete.

Geographers use different words to describe settlements. They are called urban areas and the edge of a large settlement like a town or city is called the urban - rural fringe. A nucleated settlement has a central area that is often the main place for commerce. This is the CBD which stands for the Central Business District. Around this central area, homes, offices, public buildings and shops are built. Some settlements are described as being linear. The buildings are strung out alongside a road.

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  1. In what settlement are buildings closely grouped?
    They are criss-crossed by a network of roads
  2. A housing area on the edge of a town is called what?
    The 'suburbs' of cities developed as people started to earn more money and wanted to live in larger houses that had gardens
  3. Which of these settlements is the smallest?
    A hamlet has a few houses and no services
  4. What means the location of a settlement in relation to surrounding features?
    A settlement can have a valley situation, be situated on a river or in the mountains. These are just a few examples of how to describe the situation of a settlement
  5. Settlements that follow a transport route are called what?
    Linear settlements sometimes follow a valley floor as it is easier and cheaper to build there than on the sloping sides of valleys
  6. The function of a settlement can be what?
    Function can also be the reason why it was built
  7. Burgess made a 1924 land use model for which city?
    It has now been used to describe and explain land use in many other cities
  8. What type of houses are joined together in a line?
    Built from the 19th century onwards
  9. The edge of an urban area is the rural-urban what?
    New shopping centres are built here as the land is cheaper and access is easier than if they were in the centre of the urban area
  10. To help understand settlements we use a land use what?
    Models simplify a real situation

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