Crime and Punishment 01
Which group was formed in 1866 to improve prisons?

Crime and Punishment 01

This KS3 History quiz asks questions on crime and punishment. Rules are needed in any community in order to ensure that it runs smoothly. A good example of this are the school rules. These may sometimes seem pointless but they all have a purpose. When a student decides to break them, some form of punishment is usually given.

The same applies to the community that lives in a country. The rules of a country are called laws. Most people follow these laws because they realise that they enable people to go about their daily lives without fear. People who break the laws of a country can expect to be punished to discourage them (and others) from breaking the same law. Modern punishments include prison, fines and community service. At the start of the nineteenth century, crimes such as stealing a horse or damaging Westminster Bridge were punishable by hanging!

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Before 1749, enforcement of the law was in the hands of individuals. In 1749, Britain's first police force was formed - the Bow Street Runners. They did not go out on patrol, they were simply sent out by the Bow Street magistrates office to arrest criminals. The Metropolitan Police Force was created about 70 years later. They were very successful in cutting crime levels in London and in 1857, every UK city was obliged to have its own police force.

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  1. From the 14th century onwards where in London did large crowds gather for public hangings?
    Marble Arch now stands where the gallows once were
  2. Some criminals were transported to which country?
    Before Australia was used, they were transported to the British colonies in America
  3. After 1861 the only hanging offences were murder and what else?
    Treason means betraying your country - perhaps by killing the monarch
  4. What was the name of the volunteer thief-catchers set up in the 18th century?
    They were based at the Bow Street Magistrates court
  5. Which magistrate set up the Bow Street Runners?
    He was also a famous novelist
  6. In the 1800s England's most notorious prison was .......
    It was in London - Tyburn gallows were moved there
  7. Who was a leading figure in nineteenth century prison reform?
    She also helped the homeless and set up a training school for nurses which inspired Florence Nightingale to take a group of nurses out to look after wounded soldiers of the Crimean War. She was a truly amazing lady
  8. In 1829 who created the Metropolitan Police Force?
    Nicknamed 'Peelers' or 'Bobbies' after their founder
  9. Robert Peel held what position at the time?
    He also held the office of Prime Minister a few years later (twice!)
  10. Which group was formed in 1866 to improve prisons?
    Named after prison reformer John Howard

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