Racial Unrest and Civil Rights in the USA 02
Rosa Parks refused to give up her bus seat to a white man, which led to the bus boycott.

Racial Unrest and Civil Rights in the USA 02

See how much you know about racial unrest and civil rights in the USA by playing this KS3 History quiz. Segregation was the norm during the century or so that passed between the abolition of slavery and the granting of equal civil rights to blacks in the USA. Many white Americans had difficulty with seeing black people as free and equal. In 1919 a black boy was stoned and drowned after swimming in part of a lake reserved for whites! Following the end of the civil war, many whites in the south were angry about the abolition of slavery. A hate group called the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) was formed. They murdered many freedmen and laws passed in 1870 and 1871 helped to stop their crimes.

Despite that, things still didn't settle down. The period from 1877 to the early part of the twentieth century have been called the 'nadir of American race relations'. Nadir is the opposite to the word apex so what this phrase means is that race relations could not have been any worse. The definitions of white and black were not clear either, for example, Irish Protestant immigrants doing manual labour were not regarded as whites.

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  1. Which secret organisation used violence against black people?
    They wore white robes and hoods and were called KKK for short
  2. After an attack, the KKK usually left what behind?
    They usually struck at night
  3. Blacks were often killed for an alleged offence. This was called .......
    Between 1889 and 1940 almost 4,000 were lynched
  4. A law of 1954 allowed black and white children to .......
    Many southern states ignored such laws
  5. Which black woman made the news in 1955?
    She worked as a seamstress in a department store
  6. What did Rosa Parks refuse to do?
    Whites and blacks were allowed on the same buses but blacks were only allowed to sit in certain places and had to move if a white person required their seat
  7. The bus boycott took place where?
    Following the arrest of Rosa Parks, blacks in Montgomery organised a bus boycott in protest
  8. Established in the 1940s, what was CORE?
    Their motto was 'Making Equality a Reality'
  9. Who founded CORE?
    He and other members were arrested several times as they campaigned to end segregation
  10. In 1961 CORE began a protest called Freedom .......
    To show that people of any colour could use public transport (without segregation)

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