The First World War 05
Conscription began during the First World War.

The First World War 05

As a student of KS3 history, you may have heard about the lost generation of young men who sacrificed their lives during World War One. It can also be used in the sense that lost means disorientated and directionless in life, as that described how many of the young survivors felt after the war. The horrors they had seen and the constant noise and stress deeply affected the minds of many people coming back from the war. The condition of being shell shocked was applied to people who suffered from a nervous breakdown during the war. In extreme cases, the condition lasted many years after the war had finished.

During the First World War, many people were moved to write poems about their experiences. Vera Brittain was a nurse who lost her brother, fiancé and a close friend and Eleanor Farjeon, the author of books for children, were two of them not directly involved in the fighting at the front line.

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Some of the best known front line soldiers who were poets are Siegfried Sassoon and Wilfred Owen. Many people regard Wilfred Owen as the greatest of the war poets. Sadly, he was killed just a week before the war ended in 1918. Sassoon survived and died aged 80 in the 1960s.

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  1. Love of your country and a duty to fight for it is known as what?
    In the early part of the war, many young men rushed to join up to fight for their country
  2. Conscription began in Britain at what age?
    As the losses of men increased and the number of volunteers dropped, it was necessary to force people to join up to fight
  3. What were sometimes handed out as a symbol of cowardice?
    Young men not in uniform were targeted as it was assumed they had been too cowardly to volunteer
  4. Britain claimed victory in which naval battle of 1916?
    The only major sea battle of the entire war
  5. Jutland is part of which country?
    The lower part of the Jutland peninsula was part of Germany and was where the German naval fleet was stationed. The British lost more ships and more sailors than the Germans but claimed victory as it made the German fleet stay in harbour for the rest of the war, apart from a few brief actions
  6. Wilfred Owen and Rupert Brooke were killed in the war - both famous .......
    They wrote poems inspired by their war experiences
  7. Which passenger liner was sunk by a U-boat torpedo in 1916?
    It happened off the coast of Ireland
  8. The Lusitania incident helped to bring which country into the war?
    USA fought with the Allies against Germany
  9. Who was the U.S. President at that time?
    He believed that it was important that America joined the war to preserve democracy in the world
  10. At the 3rd Battle of Ypres the Allies aimed to capture which ridge?
    It took three months to capture the ridge. The first stage of the battle was to dig tunnels under the German trenches on the nearby Messines ridge, fill them with about 450 tonnes of explosives in order to destroy the German positions. It is said that the explosion could be heard in London. It is one of the largest non-nuclear explosions of all time. There were two further stages to the plan which finally succeeded when Canadian troops took Passchendaele ridge

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