The First World War 06
Lloyd George introduced rationing to deal with food shortages during the war.

The First World War 06

This KS3 History quiz will test your knowledge of the First World War. At the outbreak of the First World War, the German army executed a modified version of the Schlieffen Plan, designed to quickly attack France through Belgium before turning southwards to encircle the French army on the German border. Things didn't go to plan for the German army. They were slowed down, but not stopped in the Battle of Mons, by the British Expeditionary Force (BEF). The Germans were finally stopped at the first battle of the Marne and trench warfare began.

At the start of the war, the British Prime Minister was Herbert Asquith. He believed that the way the war was conducted should be left in the hands of the army generals. After several failed campaigns and huge loss of life, Asquith resigned and the Chancellor of the Exchequer, David Lloyd George took over.

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Lloyd George was much more active in the direction that the war took. He organised supply ships into convoys so that more food and other supplies could reach the UK from the USA. He also believed that an attack on the Germans in Belgium could lead to the collapse of the German army and he managed to persuade the war council to authorise the Battle of Passchendaele.

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  1. Who became British Prime Minister in 1916 and changed the course of the war?
    He was thought of as the man who won the war
  2. Lloyd George used what idea to get food into Britain?
    Ships were protected by armed naval escorts
  3. Why was Germany suffering food shortages by 1918?
    After the Battle of Jutland, the German navy stayed in port for most of the time so supply ships could not get past the British navy
  4. Who was British Commander-in-Chief on the Western Front?
    He didn't have a good reputation as a military commander
  5. War destroyed what system in Germany and Russia?
    The Russian Revolution in 1917 overthrew the monarchy and put the Communist Party in control for just over 70 years
  6. Who took power in Russia in 1917?
    He died in 1924 and the brutal Stalin took over
  7. Lloyd George introduced what, to deal with food shortages?
    Food and other commodities were rationed again in the Second World War
  8. 1917 saw a large-scale mutiny by which army?
    Many of the men had simply had enough!
  9. Soldiers' mental illness caused by war was called what?
    Doctors did not understand that it was caused by stress. They believed it was caused by the explosions of the artillery shells damaging the brains of soldiers
  10. The final ceasefire in 1918 was called what?
    We still have Armistice Sunday or Remembrance Sunday each November

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