The French Revolution 04
When the starving could not afford bread Marie Antoinette is claimed to have said, "Let them eat cake!"

The French Revolution 04

This KS3 History quiz takes a further look at the French Revolution. Revolution can be defined as a complete, drastic and usually far-reaching change. History tells us that was certainly the case during the French Revolution! The kings of France had enjoyed absolute power for almost a thousand years. The nobles still operated a feudal system, similar to the one that had existed in the Middle Ages in Britain. The lords extracted taxes from the poor and built their magnificent chateaus. King Louis XVI was in power but was not a strong or particularly popular king. His support for the Americans against the British during the War of Independence cost a lot of money. This did not help the state of the French economy.

Louis XVI's reign as an absolute monarch came to an end when a mob of angry women infiltrated the Palace of Versailles and tried to kill Marie Antoinette.

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She was associated with a luxury lifestyle that highlighted the differences between the ruling classes and the working population. They were forced to move to the Tuileries Palace in Paris. Less than two years later, the King must have realised that the monarchy would soon be completely abolished. He realised that their lives were in danger once again and attempted to flee to Austria. He was captured at a place called Varennes and eventually executed in Paris.

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  1. When Louis went on trial what was he not charged with?
    Revolutionary Jean-Baptiste Drouet wanted to execute Louis without any sort of trial
  2. Many blamed the King for France's defeat by which country in a war of 1792?
    The war caused higher food prices and starvation
  3. What happened to the Church under the new Constitution?
    Before then, the Church owned a significant percentage of the land in France
  4. How was Louis executed in January 1793?
    His wife was guillotined in October of the same year
  5. Many sans-culottes wore a red .......
    This was a red felt hat with a conical shape. The tip of the cone was pulled forward
  6. When the starving could not afford bread Marie Antoinette is claimed to have said .......
    It seems very likely that this is a myth and that she never said these words at all. The words appeared in a book by the French writer Rousseau when referring to a princess, but he didn't name the princess. The book was published before Marie Antoinette even arrived in France. The English translation is not quite correct. In French, the word used was actually 'brioche' which is a sweetened bread, not a cake. It requires eggs, milk and sugar to make it and was therefore an expensive luxury, so if she did say it, you can probably see how it could annoy starving people with little money to spend on food
  7. When the King fled Paris in 1791 he was caught where?
    He was recognised despite being in disguise and using a false name
  8. What word means the killing of a king?
    The word comes from the Latin word reg or regis meaning king and the suffix -cide which usually indicates some sort of killing has taken place
  9. At which palace was Louis XVI arrested in 1791?
    It no longer exists, but it originally stood next to where the Louvre art gallery is. It burnt down and eventually the ruins were demolished
  10. September 1791 saw France announced as what?
    This means the monarchy was abolished

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