The Industrial Revolution 02
What replaced wool as the main textile produced?

The Industrial Revolution 02

This KS3 History quiz takes a look at the Industrial Revolution. Nineteenth century factory discipline was harsh. Punishments are said to have included hanging people from the roof in baskets and nailing children's ears to a table - makes a detention look kind! If people did not get to their factory on time, they were locked out, and in some cases fined, so they earned no money for that day. Some entrepreneurs became knocker-uppers. Workers who could not afford to buy an alarm clock paid a knocker-upper to go round to their home and wake them up in good time for them to get to work.

Mechanisation in agriculture increased the output of farms and reduced the number of workers needed to run a farm. In the same way, spinning and weaving machines increased textile production but used fewer workers. Traditional methods of weaving required three or four spinners to produce the yarn for a single weaver. Machinery that could spin the yarn and weave it into cloth only needed one operator instead of five workers. Inventions like the spinning jenny, spinning mule and the water frame enabled greater output of textiles.

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  1. Which is false about the factory system?
    Workers were locked out and even fined for being late
  2. Which industry first gained from the new machines?
    The key inventions of the nineteenth century were spinning and weaving machines as well as steam engines of course
  3. The first textile factories were built between where?
    Streams off the hills powered water wheels - the Lancashire and Yorkshire coalfields later gave coal for steam
  4. What replaced wool as the main textile produced?
    The main centre for cotton mills was Manchester
  5. Which of these was NOT a spinning machine?
    This device speeded up the process of weaving and halved the number of workers needed
  6. Who invented the flying shuttle in 1733?
    It wove cloth so fast that spinning machines were invented to keep up
  7. In 1765, who invented the spinning jenny?
    He named it after his wife
  8. Why did Samuel Crompton call his invention the 'mule'?
    It was a combination of a spinning jenny and a water frame
  9. What did Crompton fail to do with his invention?
    It became popular because anyone could use the idea
  10. In 1769, the water frame was invented by who?
    He is sometimes called The father of the factory system

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