The Industrial Revolution 04
Which city was known as 'Cottonopolis'?

The Industrial Revolution 04

This KS3 History quiz is our final look at the Industrial Revolution. Machinery was being invented constantly during the Industrial Revolution. These developments meant that by the 1830s it needed only 750 workers to produce as much yarn as it would once have taken 200,000 people to spin!

As the new machinery was introduced into factories, employers were able to save money by employing unskilled labourers. This angered skilled workers as more and more were unable to find work. There were various protests, the most well known being that of the Luddites. This group was formed in Nottingham in 1811 and smashed machinery. They were not against the machinery, they were against the fact that their skills were being replaced by machines and unskilled workers.

The first practical steam engine was made by Thomas Savery. It had no moving parts but was able to lift water from mines.

Read More

John Newcomen made the next step forward with his steam powered beam engine. This operated a pump that could pump water from much deeper mines. The next key change was thanks to an Industrialist, Matthew Boulton and a Scottish inventor, James Watt. The steam engine they invented was capable of providing rotary (round and round) motion which made it incredibly useful. It could be used to provide the power to turn machinery in textile mills and other factories and lead to the development of the steam locomotive.

Read Less
Did you know...

You can play all the teacher-written quizzes on our site for just £9.95 per month. Click the button to sign up or read more.

Sign up here
  1. Who did NOT help build a steam engine that could drive various machines?
    Murdoch was an amazing inventor but the reputations of Boulton and Watt rather overshadowed his achievements
  2. Which city was known as 'Cottonopolis'?
    It was the largest cotton town in England
  3. Why was Lancashire's damp climate good for the cotton industry?
    When the yarn broke, production stopped
  4. Which of the following was an impoortant location for the production of Iron and steel?
    A town in South Wales
  5. The Industrial Revolution created which class?
    At the time, the working class was mainly unskilled workers
  6. Lancashire's raw cotton came into which port?
    A lot of it came from America, from cotton plantations in the south that used slave labour
  7. By the 1830s, the Industrial Revolution was speeded by the growth of what?
    Goods could be moved quickly and easily
  8. Josiah Wedgwood founded what type of factory?
    He opened a factory in Stoke-on-Trent and was the grandfather of Charles Darwin
  9. Which 1851 event celebrated all the new industry?
    Brainchild of Prince Albert, Queen Victoria's husband
  10. At that time Britain was described as the what 'of the world'?
    British-made goods were being exported right around the world

The Tutor in Your Computer!

Quiz yourself clever - 3 free quizzes in every section

  • Join us (£9.95/month) to play over 4,000 more quizzes
  • Reinforce your school learning in the comfort of home
  • Build your confidence in National Curriculum subjects
  • Test yourself to identify gaps in learning
  • Revise fast for tests and exams

© Copyright 2016-2017 - Education Quizzes
TJS - Web Design Lincolnshire

Valid HTML5

We use cookies to make your experience of our website better.

To comply with the new e-Privacy directive, we need to ask for your consent - I agree - No thanks - Find out more