The Norman Conquest 01
Which King was the first to attack England in 1066?

The Norman Conquest 01

This KS3 History quiz takes a look at the Norman Conquest. King Harold II was on the English throne at the time of the Norman Conquest - but not for long. The Norman Conquest of England began in 1066 with the invasion of England by William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy and his victory at the Battle of Hastings over King Harold II.

According to popular history, King Harold was killed by an arrow hitting him in the eye. This comes from the Bayeux Tapestry, which is supposedly the story of the Battle of Hastings. According to a different source, Harold was hacked to death by several Norman knights. Since it is almost a thousand years ago, we will probably never know the truth.

There were three key people involved in the attempt to overthrow King Harold II.

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His brother Tostig allied with King Harald Hardrada of Norway and Duke William II of Normandy. Duke William believed that he had been promised the crown of England by Harold. Tostig wanted revenge on his brother; and Hardrada, like William, also believed that he had been promised the crown of England. Hardrada and Tostig invaded from the north and were killed at the Battle of Stamford Bridge in Yorkshire. Harold II marched his army back down south immediately after the battle, and faced the Normans at the Battle of Hastings.

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  1. How many Kings ruled England during 1066?
    Edward the Confessor, Harold II and William I
  2. Which King died in early January 1066?
    Harold claimed that Edward had said that he should be the next King just before he died
  3. Edward the Confessor had how many children?
    The fight over who should succeed him led to the Norman invasion
  4. Who was chosen to succeed Edward as King?
    England's leading nobleman - he became Harold II
  5. What was Harold's surname?
    Literally, 'son of Godwin'
  6. Harold had previously been Earl of where?
    Wessex covered the bottom third of England and this made Harold the second most powerful man after the King
  7. What relation was King Harold to the late King?
    Edward had married Harold's sister, Edith
  8. What was seen over England as Harold was crowned?
    The comet was thought to be a sign of bad luck!
  9. Which King was the first to attack England in 1066?
    He claimed that the crown had been promised to his family
  10. Harald Hardrada ruled which country?
    His invasion from the north left the south unprotected when William landed as Harold had marched his army north to repel the first invasion

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