The Peasants' Revolt 02
The Revolt came to an end in Smithfield, London. The photo shows Smithfield Meat Market.

The Peasants' Revolt 02

This KS3 History quiz takes a second look at the Peasants' Revolt. The trigger for the Revolt was the poll (head) tax. Everyone over the age of 14 had to pay it. It was designed to raise money to continue the war against France and to help the barons and bishops become even richer. The King's uncle, John of Gaunt, realised that many people had not paid the tax so he imposed it once again. In the village of Fobbing in Essex, the tax collector demanded that everybody paid up, whether they had already paid it or not. They took offence at being made to pay twice and beat up the tax collector.

Word spread and before long, the peasants turned on the landowners. Manor houses were burnt down and landowners killed or humiliated. The focus of the Revolt was the south east - Kent and Essex.

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The Kent rebels captured Canterbury and marched on London. That was when Wat Tyler appeared as leader. The Kent and Essex peasants entered London, killing foreign merchants, lawyers and other figures of authority and destroying tax records. They even managed to break into the Tower of London. Eventually, they met with the Lord Mayor, the King and several of their men but Wat Tyler was murdered in front of everyone and the King made several promises to the crowd. Those promises were never kept but there were no further mass revolts like this one again.

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  1. Where in London did the Revolt come to an end?
    The King promised to give them what they wanted
  2. Which word means the King 'cancelled' his promises?
    It was claimed that the promises were made under threat and were therefore not legally valid
  3. The rebels marched on which city?
    The two peasant mobs approached from opposite sides of the River Thames
  4. The mob attacked the London home of which nobleman?
    The King's uncle - also known as John of Gaunt
  5. John Ball had once been in prison for what reason?
    The Catholic clergy did not like that idea as they wanted to stay rich and powerful
  6. In which century did the Peasants' Revolt occur?
    It happened in 1381
  7. What happened to Wat Tyler?
    Some sources say his head was put on display!
  8. The rebels killed which important person on June 14th?
    He was also chancellor and had used soldiers to make people pay poll tax
  9. The Revolt's co-leader, John Ball, had what occupation?
    He spoke out about how the Catholic Church treated peasants
  10. On June 12th the rebels arrived where, near London?
    The Essex peasants were at Mile End

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