The Reign of Elizabeth I 01
People who refused to attend church were fined or imprisoned.

The Reign of Elizabeth I 01

This KS3 History quiz takes a look at the reign of Elizabeth I. Elizabeth I was born in 1533 and was the only child of Anne Boleyn to survive. She was only three when Henry VIII had Anne Boleyn beheaded. She was well educated and a talented musician. She inherited the throne of England following the death of her half-sister Queen Mary.

Henry VIII had changed the religion of England from Catholic to Protestant. Queen Mary was a devout Catholic and restored the Catholics. Elizabeth once again reformed the Church and re-established Protestantism but did not persecute the Catholics until later in her reign, after there had been several attempts by Catholic rebels to kill her.

Mary Stuart, the Queen of the Scots, was Elizabeth's cousin and was seen by many to be the rightful heir to the throne.

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After her husband, Lord Darnley, was murdered, she fled to England. She was a threat to Elizabeth and was imprisoned for 19 years. Against the wishes of Elizabeth, Mary was executed for plotting against her. This angered King Philip II of Spain since Mary was a Catholic. He launched an armada of ships and men to invade England and to restore the power of the Catholic Church. The armada was defeated and England remained Protestant. Two further invasion attempts were repelled a few years later.

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  1. Elizabeth belonged to which Royal house?
    She was the last of the Tudor monarchs
  2. When did Elizabeth arrive on the English throne?
    She succeded her half-sister Mary I who was a Catholic and had become known as Bloody Mary as she ordered the deaths of 160 leading Protestants
  3. What expression has described her religious policy?
    A Protestant herself, she wanted both Catholics and Protestants to worship freely. It didn't work, the Catholics wanted to seize back the power they lost under Henry VIII
  4. Everybody had to use the new prayer book under which Act of Parliament?
    It was called The Book of Common Prayer
  5. Which was true about the new church services?
    Previously in Latin - everyone could now follow them
  6. What title did Elizabeth use as head of the Church?
    The old title had been 'Supreme Head'
  7. Which 1559 Act declared her as Supreme Governor?
    This was one of her first actions as Queen
  8. Who had the job of hunting down rebellious Catholics?
    Especially those who held Mass in their own homes
  9. What happened to people who refused to attend church?
    Excommunicated means kicked out of the Church
  10. The keenest Protestants had what name?
    Their aim was to 'purify' the Protestant Church and get rid of any Catholic practices

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