The Spanish Armada 02
It is said that Francis Drake was playing bowls when the Armada was sighted.

The Spanish Armada 02

This KS3 History quiz asks questions on the Spanish Armada. The English navy at the time had only about half as many ships as the Armada. They had tried to stop the Spanish fleet closer to Spain a couple of times but failed because of bad weather. The English ships were in Plymouth when the Armada appeared in English waters. It was here that Francis Drake is said to have kept cool and finished playing a game of bowls. Historians think that if this actually happened, it was probably because Drake knew he needed to wait for the tide to turn before his ships could leave harbour.

The big break for the English navy came when the Armada's Admiral, the Duke of Medina-Sidonia, unexpectedly anchored off Calais. The English sent fireships in amongst the Armada. The Spanish quickly set sail and were unable to get organised into their usual defensive formation during the next day's battle.

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Strong winds blew the Armada off course and into the North Sea. The English navy chased them as far as the Firth of Forth in Scotland, so they had to return to Spain by sailing round the north and west of the British Isles. During that voyage, almost half of the ships and men were lost, without the English navy needing to attack them.

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  1. In her victory speech, Elizabeth claimed to have what?
    The famous speech was made at Tilbury in Essex
  2. What destroyed the Armada's close formation?
    Small vessels that were set alight and left to drift between the ships of the Armada whilst they were at anchor
  3. Who led the Spanish army in the Netherlands?
    The troops planned to join the Spanish fleet
  4. Who was commander of the English fleet?
    He was Queen Elizabeth's cousin
  5. As the Armada retreated, over 20 ships were lost off the coast of where?
    Wrecked due to bad weather, illness and lack of maps
  6. What was the main battle between the two fleets?
    This followed the fireships' attack the night before. The English had the advantage with faster, lighter ships and the chaos in the Armada created by the fireships
  7. Who commanded the Armada?
    Not the best choice - he suffered from sea sickness!
  8. The story goes that Drake was doing what when the Armada was sighted?
    He finished his game first - cool customer!
  9. As it sailed, the Armada took up what formation?
    With the faster, heavily-armed ships on the 'wings'
  10. How were people told of the Armada's arrival?
    Beacons - the Elizabethan version of social media?

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