KS3 Science Quiz
Adaptation of Animals and Plants 01
Hedgehogs are nocturnal and hibernate during the winter.

Adaptation of Animals and Plants 01

Adaptation of animals and plants is about how well suited they are to where they live and to how they live. If they are poorly adapted, they will find it diffucult or impossible to survive. A plant with short roots would not be well adapted to life in a desert where the water is found a long way below the surface. Animals that hunt at night often have more sensitive eyes than those that hunt during the day. Both of these are examples of adaptations.

Adaptation is about change too. It's a matter of survival and if the environment or habitat changes, then the plants and animals need to change too. Over millions of years, animals and plants have adapted to their habitat. we call that evolution. Several people have come up with the idea of evolution but it is Charles Darwin who is the most famous. Until Darwin, no-one had really any idea about how evolution occurred. He came up with the idea of the survival of the fittest. In other words, plants and animals that were better adapted to their environment and way of life would survive and breed. The others would die out.

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  1. The area in which an organism lives is called .......
    A river and a wood are types of habitat
  2. A cactus is adapted to survive in desert conditions. Which of the following is NOT true?
    The flowers open in the cooler evening/night as that is when the pollinating insects are flying
  3. An oak tree is adapted to grow in a wood. Which of the following is NOT true?
    It loses its leaves in autumn to save water
  4. Hedgehogs are nocturnal and hibernate during the winter. Which of the following is NOT true?
    They are omnivores, they will eat plants as well as insects and worms. Some people feed hedghogs in their gardens by leaving bread and milk for them. That is a very bad thing to do as they are not adapted to digest these and the milk can give them diarrhoea. That leads to dehydration and loss of essential vitamins and minerals, which weakens them. If you really want to feed them, you can buy special hedgehog food, or give them meat or vegetable based foods e.g. tinned cat food (but NOT fish flavours)
  5. Giraffes are adapted to live on the African savanna. Which of the following is NOT true?
    They have an extra large heart
  6. Penguins are adapted to live in the antarctic. Which of the following is NOT true?
    The dark coloured feathers absorb heat from the sun
  7. A polar bear is adapted to live in the arctic. Which of the following is NOT true?
    Big feet produce low pressure so they don't sink in the snow
  8. An arctic poppy is adapted to live in the arctic tundra. Which of the following is NOT true?
    The top layer of soil thaws out during the arctic summer
  9. Desert tortoises are adapted to live in the desert. Which of the following is NOT true?
    The shell is an adaptation that does protect them
  10. A camel is adapted to survive in desert conditions. Which of the following is NOT true?
    The eyelashes keep sand out of their eyes

Author: Sue Davison

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