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50 Essential Facts About ICT

The 50 facts that you MUST know on your way to becoming an ICT expert!

ENIAC was the first electronic computer. It weighed over 27 tonnesHistory
The computer mouse was invented in 1964. The first one was made of wood
Ada Lovelace was the first computer programmer. She lived in the 1800s
Charles Babbage invented the parts for the modern computer in 1833
Johann Henrich von Muller designed a computer in 1786 but it was not built
The first computer virus was created in 1971. It was called "The Creeper"Viruses
The fastest spreading computer virus, created in 2004, was called MyDoom
According to McAfee, 100,000 new malware programs are created every day
92% of malware comes by email so think twice before opening attachments
In 2017 a computer virus hit the NHS causing £92 million of damage
Until 2012 "password" was the most common password. It's now "123456"Passwords
59% of people have just one password which they use everywhere
Just 20 passwords make up 10% of the millions in use
The password to launch America's nuclear missiles was set to "00000000"
In 1999 hackers logged into Hotmail accounts by using the password "eh" 
In 2015 hackers got records of every US govt employee for the past 50 yearsHackers
Computer security consultant Kevin Mitnick served 5 years in prison for hacking
In 2016 a 15-year-old hacked the FBI and released information on its officers
Julian Assange started hacking when he was 16 years old. His name was Mendax
The personal information of 145 million eBay users was taken by hackers in 2014
Almost 3 million emails are sent every second. That's 250 billion a day!Emails
On average people spend 5.4 hours a day checking emails
28% of emails are spam. In 2008 93% of emails were spam!
Hotmail and rocketmail were the first free email providers, both launched in 1996
The first email was sent by engineer Ray Tomlinson in 1971
It used to be possible to set your language on Facebook to "pirate"Websites
The search engine Google was originally called "BackRub"
A man accidentally bought Google for $12. He owned it for one minute
On average we spend 142 minutes a day on social media
Facebook is the most popular social media site. It has over 2.5 billion users
92% of web developers are men according to a recent surveyCompanies
Microsoft is the largest software company. In 2020 it made $138.6 billion
Java is the most popular programming languages. 59% of developers use it
Apple's original logo was Isaac newton leant against an apple tree.
IBM was founded in 1896 with the name "Tabulating Machine Company"
In the 2008 presidential election, Barack Obama advertised in 18 gamesGames
A gene that separates your right brain from the left is called "sonic hedgehog"
In 1993 Super Mario Bros. was the first video game to be made into a movie
The Sega Saturn was the first console games could be saved on
MUD (Multi-User Dungeon) was the first online game. It was created in 1978
The first wireless internet connection was developed in 1990Internet
By 2025 a total of 75.44 billion devices will be connected to the internet
Items connected to the internet include umbrellas, cutlery and tails!
We spend an average of 6 hours and 42 minutes online each day
Google does 70,000 search queries every second or 5.8 billion per day
Computers become hot as you use them, so they have fans inside to cool themHardware
The motherboard is arguably the most important piece of computer hardware
The first computer with a built-in monitor was the Xerox Alto released in 1973
The first hard drive held 5MB of data. Modern ones hold 800,000 times more
The first hard disk came out in 1980. It cost $40,000 and weighed 250 kg

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