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50 Essential Facts About Nature

The 50 facts that you MUST know on your way to becoming a nature expert!

The fastest land animal is the cheetah which can run up to 61 mphRecords
The largest animal ever to have lived is the blue whale
The smallest vertebrate is a species of frog. It's the size of a housefly
Fleas are the best jumpers. They can jump 200 times their length!
The largest land animal that ever lived weighed as much as 12 elephants
Cows kill more people than sharks doKillers
700,000 people every year die from mosquito bites
The most dangerous animal is the hippopotamus
More people die from falling coconuts then from shark attacks
One of the most venomous animals on Earth is a snail
The now extinct colossus penguin was 2 metres tallExtinct
99% of species that have ever lived Earth have become extinct
Between 200 and 10,000 species become extinct every year
There have been 5 mass extinctions which killed off half of species
Dodos are famous extinct animals. The last one died in the 1600s
Fungi are more closely related to animals than they are to plantsFungi
The honey fungus is the largest living organism on the planet
To help spread their spores, mushrooms can create their own wind
Some species of fungi have thousands of different sexes
Some fungi can turn ants into "zombies"
Owls cannot move their eyesBirds
Woodpeckers can peck up to 20 times per second
An ostrich's eye is bigger than its brain
Hummingbirds are the only bird that can fly backwards
Birds are the direct descendants of dinosaurs
Acacia trees can warn each other of dangerPlants
The giant montane pitcher plant has evolved to eat animal poo
Bamboo is the world's fastest growing plant at 4 cm per hour.
Carrots were bred to be orange. Their natural colour is purple
There are more trees on Earth than there are stars in our galaxy
There are reports of bullets bouncing off armadillo shellsMammals
Sloths only do "number twos" once a week and it is a struggle
Despite popular belief, camels store fat in their humps, not water
Dolphins sleep by "switching off" one half of their brains at a time
Despite their names, black and white rhinos are both grey
Bees communicate with each other by dancingInvertebrates
There is a species of millipede that defends itself with cyanide
Spider silk is five times stronger than steel
Ants can carry up to 50 times their own weight
Dragonflies are excellent fliers, but they cannot walk
There are more than 200 different viruses which cause colds in humansMicrobes
Bacteria are the oldest lifeform on earth
Some microbes can survive extreme conditions
Despite what many believe, viruses are not living things
There are more species of microbe on Earth than stars in the galaxy
There is a species of newt which uses its ribs as "barbs" to defend itselfVertebrates
Between 1 in 1,000 and 1 in 10,000 marine turtles survive to adulthood
Sharks can sense electric fields
Burmese pythons can digest bones and teeth but not fur or feathers
Crocodiles and alligators are colour blind

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