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Globalisation
Find out about globalization in this enjoyable quiz.

Globalisation

This Geography quiz is called 'Globalisation' and it has been written by teachers to help you if you are studying the subject at high school. Playing educational quizzes is a user-friendly way to learn if you are in the 9th or 10th grade - aged 14 to 16.

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Globalization can be defined as being when human activities take place on a worldwide scale creating an interdependence between countries. When something happens in one area, it can have a knock-on effect in other places. For Geography in high school, you need to be aware of the causes of globalization plus the positive and negative effects on people and the planet.

There has always been a degree of globalization but since the end of the Second World War, transport and communications have increased massively, making it much easier to exchange trade and cultural ideas. Companies that operated only in their own countries have been able to expand and have become what are called multinational corporations (MNCs) - companies with subsidiaries in many countries. This is helping to create increased wealth in MEDCs, however, the benefits are less for ordinary people living in LEDCs - they are often seen as a source of cheap labor.

1.
Why do some people think that globalization is not a good thing?
Globalization will drown out some local traditions and languages
Globalization does not guarantee that local economies will benefit
International laws about employment conditions and pollution are not enforced
All of the above
There are many positive points for globalization, make sure you know them for your exam
2.
Which of the following is a negative impact of globalization?
Jobs can be lost in MEDCs
New jobs are created in LEDCs
Foreign currency is introduced into the local economy
Mixing of people from different cultures
Labor costs are usually cheaper in LEDCs so multinational (transnational) companies close down factories in MEDCs and set them up in LEDCs where they can pay less for labor
3.
Which of the following is not a transnational corporation?
An Indian restaurant in the UK
Motor car manufacturers like Ford and Toyota
Food companies like McDonalds and KFC
Oil companies like Shell
An Indian restaurant is an example of globalization
4.
A positive benefit of globalization is ...
it uses up raw materials
it opens up new markets for companies to sell their products and services
it lowers the wages for the local workforce
local farmers can grow more food
This increases profits for the company
5.
Which of the following is not a result of globalization?
An increase in international trade
Closing the gap between the world's richest and poorest countries
Interdependent economies
Freer movement of money, services and goods
LEDCs are usually exporters of the less profitable raw materials and food. Exports from MEDCs are usually the more profitable manufactured goods
6.
Which of the following factors is most likely to attract an MNC to invest in a foreign country?
Workers receive a high average wage
Lack of raw materials
Raw materials are cheaper
Good tourist attractions
If raw materials are cheaper, this can increase profits for the MNC by reducing costs
7.
Which of the following is not a factor that has influenced globalization?
Quarrying for building materials
TV
Internet
Bigger and faster ships
Quarrying for building materials is a local business as it is usually more expensive to import suitable building materials from abroad
8.
Which of the following statements about globalization is true?
Larger and faster cargo ships mean that it costs a lot more to transport raw materials and finished goods
Large companies can take advantage of cheaper labor costs and reduced legal restrictions in LEDCs
It has reduced the amount of free trade between countries
It is a lot harder to communicate with people in other countries than it was in the 1950s
The other three answers are exactly the opposite of what has really happened due to globalization
9.
The term economy of scale means ...
a reduction in costs because of a large quantity
the economy of a nation that depends on fishing
an internationally recognized scale that is used to measure whether a country is a MEDC or LEDC
a way of measuring the profitability of a TNC
When products are made on a large scale, the costs are less. The same applies to transporting of goods or raw materials
10.
When a company invests in a foreign country it is called ...
a gamble
outward investment
inward investment
speculative investment
Such investment does not necessarily fully benefit the local economy
Author:  Kev Woodward

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