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Knowledge of Language - Use of Conjunctions
Francis brought an extra pair of shoes in case it rained.

Knowledge of Language - Use of Conjunctions

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A conjunction is word (or group of words) that is used to connect other words, phrases, clauses or sentences together. There are many words that can be used as a conjunction but the most common words are: and, but, or, nor, so and yet. Look at the following example.

My rope and your rope tied together will make it long enough.

This sentence connects “my rope” with “your rope”.

Other conjunction words include: after, although, as, as far as, as soon as, as though, as well as, because, before, both, either, even if, even though, however, if, if only, in case, in order that, neither, provided, rather than, since, so that, unless, until, whereas, whenever, whether and while.

1.
Locate the correct word that is the conjunction.
Will you be picking me up after school, or will daddy pick me up?
after
me
or
you
The words “me” and “you” are pronouns so they are not the conjunction we are looking for. The word “after” is a preposition. The Answer (c) “or” connects two sentences and is the conjunction in this sentence.
2.
Locate the correct word that is the conjunction.
William did not do his homework, nor did his brother.
nor
his
homework
brother
The words “homework” and “brother” are both nouns so not the conjunction of the sentence. The word “his” is a pronoun and, again, not the conjunction of the sentence. The word “nor” is a conjunction and, therefore, Answer (a) is what we are looking for.
3.
Locate the correct word that is the conjunction.
Grace will pay off the dentist bill provided that her check clears the bank.
provided
off
her
clears
The word “off” as used in this sentence is an adverb as it modifies the verb “pay”. The word “her” is a pronoun (feminine, singular) and not the conjunction of the sentence. The word “clears” is a present tense verb and not a conjunction. Answer (a) shows the conjunction “provided” and it links two phrases.
4.
Locate the correct word that is the conjunction.
I did the dishes even though I had already folded the laundry.
dishes
had
already
even though
The word “dishes” is a plural common noun so it is not the correct Answer. The word “had” is a past tense verb so it too is not correct. The word “already” is an adverb and modifies a noun. In this case it modifies “folded”. Answer (d) shows the conjunction words that connect two sentences, i.e., “I did the dishes,” with “I had already folded the laundry.” The correct conjunction is, therefore, (d).
5.
Locate the correct word that is the conjunction.
I was originally born in Honolulu, Hawaii, but now I live in Denver, Colorado.
originally
but
I
in
The word “originally” is an adverb and modifies the verb “born”. The word “I” is a pronoun. The word “in” is a preposition. Neither of these words are conjunctions. That leaves us with Answer “b”. The word “but” is a conjunction that connects two smaller sentences, i.e., “I was originally born in Honolulu, Hawaii,” and “Now I live in Denver, Colorado.”
6.
Locate the correct word that is the conjunction.
Mr. Thompkins will begin the class unless Miss Sharper arrives first.
class
Miss Sharper
arrives
unless
The word “class” is a common noun while the word “Miss Sharper” is a proper noun and neither is a conjunction. The word “arrives” is a present tense verb which leaves us with (d) “unless”. The word “unless” is a conjunction and in this sentence it connects two short sentences.
7.
Locate the correct word that is the conjunction.
It looks as though it is going to rain soon.
it
as though
to
soon
The word “it” is a pronoun and not what we are looking for. The word “to” is a preposition and, again, not what we are looking for. The word “soon” is an adverb as it modifies the verb “going”. Answer (b) shows the correct conjunction that is contained in this sentence.
8.
Locate the correct word that is the conjunction.
Mother said the car is old yet it is practical.
said
is
yet
old
The word “said” is a past tense verb. The word “is” is a present tense verb. The word “old” is an adjective and describes the condition of the car. The word “yet” is a conjunction and connects the sentence between old car and being practical.
9.
Locate the correct word that is the conjunction.
Francis brought an extra pair of shoes in case it rained.
brought
of
in case
it
The word “brought” is a past tense verb, not a conjunction. The word “of” is a preposition. The word “it” is a pronoun. Neither of these words are conjunctions. The Answer (c), “in case” is a conjunction that links “Francis brought an extra pair of shoes,” with “it rained.” This is the conjunction found in this sentence.
10.
Locate the correct word that is the conjunction.
How quickly do bananas and strawberries ripen?
and
do
quickly
ripen
The words “do” and “ripen” are verbs and not conjunction words. The word “quickly” is an adverb and modifies a verb, i.e., ripen quickly. The word “and” is a conjunction and connects two items, i.e., bananas and strawberries, so (a) is the correct answer.
Author:  Christine G. Broome

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