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Participles, Gerunds and Infinitives
Playing solitaire is a one person game.

Participles, Gerunds and Infinitives

This English Language quiz is called 'Participles, Gerunds and Infinitives' and it has been written by teachers to help you if you are studying the subject at middle school. Playing educational quizzes is a fabulous way to learn if you are in the 6th, 7th or 8th grade - aged 11 to 14.

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To begin with, a participle is a verb that can be used as an adjective. It is also known as a verbal. In short, a verbal is the name given to a verb when it is used in a form other than as a verb. There are three different types of verbals. These include the participle, the gerunds and the infinitives. Each verbal will be found in a phrase, i.e., participle phrase.

Hopefully you now have a pretty good handle on what a participle is, a gerund and an infinitive, as well as how to determine if the word is just a simple verb. So, this quiz will challenge you to see if you can determine if each of the following ten sentences is that of a simple verb, a participle, a gerund or an infinitive. If you are ready, then begin!
1.
Smiling is a frown turned upside down!
Simple verb
Participle
Gerund
Infinitive
Looking at this sentence there are three words that could be verbs, i.e., “smiling,” “is” and “turned.” None of these have the word “to” in front of them so we know this sentence does not contain an infinitive. This also eliminates a sentence that contains just a simple verb. Now let’s see if one contains an “ing” and it does. In this case, “smiling” is not being used as an adjective so it is not a participle. It is being used as a noun evidenced by the verb “is” coming after it. “Smiling” in this sentence is a gerund making Answer (c) correct
2.
Ally eats a piece of chocolate every day.
Simple verb
Participle
Gerund
Infinitive
Locating the verb we find “eats”. Right away we can see that it does not have a “to” in front of it so it cannot be an infinitive and it doesn’t end with an “ing” or an “ed” nor is it used as a noun or an adjective. In this sentence, “eats” is a simple verb. Answer (a) is correct
3.
The freezing rain kept them indoors all day.
Simple verb
Participle
Gerund
Infinitive
Looking at this sentence there are two words that could be verbs, i.e., “freezing” and “kept.” Neither of these have the word “to” in front of them so we know this sentence does not contain an infinitive. This also eliminates a sentence that contains just a simple verb although the verb “kept” does act as the verb of the sentence. However, “freezing” does not act as a verb nor is it being used as a noun so it is not a gerund. It is, however, being used as an adjective as it describes the rain. Therefore, “freezing” is a participle making Answer (b) correct
4.
Caroline likes to sew all of her own clothes.
Simple verb
Participle
Gerund
Infinitive
Looking at this sentence we can quickly see that it contains a verb with the word “to” before it, i.e., “to sew.” Knowing this, we can immediately rule out the simple verb, the gerund and the participle. This sentence is an example of an infinitive. Answer (d) is correct
5.
The creaking stairs made her jump in fear.
Simple verb
Participle
Gerund
Infinitive
Looking at this sentence there are three words that could be verbs, i.e., “creaking,” “made” and “jump.” None of these have the word “to” in front of them so we know this sentence does not contain an infinitive. This also eliminates a sentence that contains just a simple verb. We can quickly dismiss “made” and “jump” as neither of them contains an “ing” so that leaves us with “creaking.” Now we need to determine if it is a participle or a gerund. Again looking at our word, we see that it is not being used as a noun so it is not a gerund. However, it is being used as an adjective as it describes the stairs, i.e., “creaking stairs.” Therefore, Answer (b) is correct
6.
Playing solitaire is a one person game.
Simple verb
Participle
Gerund
Infinitive
Looking at this sentence there are two words that could be verbs, i.e., “playing” and “is.” Neither of these have the word “to” in front of them so we know this sentence does not contain an infinitive. This also eliminates a sentence that contains just a simple verb. Now let’s see if one contains an “ing” and it does. In this case, “playing” is not being used as an adjective so it is not a participle. It is being used as a noun evidenced by the verb “is” coming after it. “Playing” in this sentence is a gerund making Answer (c) correct
7.
Walking is an easy exercise for most people.
Simple verb
Participle
Gerund
Infinitive
Looking at this sentence there are two words that could be verbs, i.e., “walking” and “is.” Neither of these have the word “to” in front of them so we know this sentence does not contain an infinitive. This also eliminates a sentence that contains just a simple verb. Now let’s see if one contains an “ing” and it does. In this case, “walking” is not being used as an adjective so it is not a participle. It is being used as a noun evidenced by the verb “is” coming after it. “Walking” in this sentence is a gerund making Answer (c) correct
8.
Matthew pulled over to read the map.
Simple verb
Participle
Gerund
Infinitive
Looking at this sentence we can quickly see that it contains a verb with the word “to” before it, i.e., “to read.” Knowing this, we can immediately rule out the simple verb, the gerund and the participle. This sentence is an example of an infinitive. Answer (d) is correct
9.
The burned roast made Ellen’s friends laugh even louder.
Simple verb
Participle
Gerund
Infinitive
Looking at this sentence there are three words that could be verbs, i.e., “burned,” “made” and “laugh.” None of these have the word “to” in front of them so we know this sentence does not contain an infinitive. This also eliminates a sentence that contains just a simple verb. As none of the words contain an “ing” we can also quickly determine that this sentence does not contain a gerund. That leaves us with only one option. This is a sentence that contains a participle. So let’s look at which of the possible verbs is acting as an adjective. We see that the word “burned” is describing the roast so that is our participle and Answer (b) is correct
10.
How long can you live without water?
Simple verb
Participle
Gerund
Infinitive
Locating the verb we find “live”. As it does not have the word “to” in front of it, it cannot be an infinitive. The verb also does not end with an “ing” or an “ed” nor is it used as a noun or an adjective. In this sentence, “live” is a simple verb. Answer (a) is correct
Author:  Christine G. Broome

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