Reading Comprehension 08 - The Diary of Anne Frank

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Reading Comprehension 08 - The Diary of Anne Frank

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One of the greatest stories to come out of the horrors of the holocaust in the 1940s was that of the story of Anne Frank. Anne was a young Jewish girl whose family had to go into hiding as Hitler and the Nazis were rounding up Jewish people and putting them into concentration camps.

During the years they were in hiding, Anne kept a diary. When the war was over Anne’s diary was given to her father, Otto Frank. Otto was later convinced to have his daughter’s diary published. The Diary of Anne Frank, also known as The Diary of a Young Girl, was first published in 1947 in Dutch, Anne’s native language, as Het Achterhius (Secret Annex). The first English edition was then published in 1952 and was instantly popular. Below is a summary from parts of Anne’s diary.

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THE DIARY OF ANNE FRANK

By Anne Frank (A Summary)

On her thirteenth birthday, Anne Frank’s parents give her a diary. She’s excited because she wants someone, or something, in which to confide all of her secret thoughts. She calls her diary Kitty. Even though she has a rich social life, she feels misunderstood by everyone she knows. Anne starts writing about daily events, her thoughts, school grades, boys, all that. But, within a month, her entire life changes.

As Jews in German-occupied Holland, the Frank family fears for their lives. When Anne’s sister, Margot, is called to appear before the authorities, which would almost surely mean she was being sent to a concentration camp, Anne and her family go into hiding. They move into a little section of Anne's father's office building that was walled off and hidden behind a swinging bookcase.

For two years, the Frank family lives in this Secret Annex. Mr. and Mrs. van Daan and their son Peter (who is a few years older than Anne) are also in hiding with the Franks. Later, Mr. Dussel, an elderly dentist moves in, and Anne has to share her bedroom with him. Anne’s adolescence is spent hidden from the outside world. She’s cooped up in tiny rooms, tiptoeing around during the day and becoming shell-shocked from the sounds of bombs and gunfire at night.

Luckily, the Franks have tons of reading material and a radio. Anne grows in her knowledge of politics and literature, and she puts tons of energy into studying and writing. At the same time, she grows further and further away from the other members of the Annex.

We see a real change in Anne when she begins hanging out in the attic with Peter van Daan. Around this time she starts having dreams about a boy she was in love with, another Peter, Peter Schiff. She sometimes even gets the two Peters confused in her head.

She comes to see Peter (of the Annex) as much more than she first thought. She finds him sensitive and caring, and they talk about everything, including sex. Eventually their relationship changes. Anne and Peter’s passion turns into a friendship and a source of comfort for them both.

Another big change for Anne happens when the war seems to be ending. She hears that personal accounts such as her diary will be in demand after the war ends. We see a return to her earlier optimism as she begins editing her diary with vigor and excitement.

Unfortunately, this does not last. Even as Anne becomes more and more sensitive to the suffering going on in the world, her own suffering becomes unbearable. She feels completely alone. She thinks everyone hates her. She feels constantly criticized. And there is no escape. At one point, she thinks it might have been better if she and her family had all died instead of hiding in the Annex. As Anne becomes harder on those around her, she also becomes harder on herself, berating herself for being mean to the other members of the Annex.

There her diary ends. Two short months after Anne’s fifteenth birthday, and two days after the last diary entry, the Secret Annex is raided and Anne, her family and the other members in hiding with them were sent to different concentration camps. We do not know Anne’s thoughts or feelings at that point or any time after, but we know things got worse. In fact, Anne's father, Otto Frank, was the sole survivor.
1.
How old was Anne when she was given her diary?
Fourteen
Twelve
Fifteen
Thirteen
Anne was given her diary on her thirteenth birthday. Answer (d) is correct
2.
Anne named her diary _______.
Peter
Annex
Kitty
Het Achterhius
Anne named her diary Kitty. Answer (c) is the correct answer
3.
Despite being born in Germany, where did Anne’s family say they were from?
Holland
Poland
Italy
Austria
Anne’s family said they were from Holland. Answer (a) is correct
4.
Where did Anne’s family hide?
At the home of a dentist
A little section of her father's office building
At the home of the van Daans
In a tunnel under the school
They moved into a little section of Anne's father's office building that was walled off and hidden behind a swinging bookcase. Answer (b) is the correct answer
5.
The place where the Frank family and others lived was known as the ______.
Hidden Chamber
Rooms of Silence
Otto
Secret Annex
The place where the Frank family and others lived was known as the Secret Annex. Answer (d) is the correct answer
6.
Anne’s sister’s name was ______.
Margaret
Margie
Margot
Maria
Anne’s sister’s name was Margot. Answer (c) is the correct answer
7.
For how long was Anne’s family in hiding?
Three years
Two years
Eighteen months
Four years
Anne’s family was in hiding for two years. Answer (b) is the correct answer
8.
Anne had to share her bedroom with ________.
Mr. Dussel
Peter
Mrs. van Daan
Margot
Anne had to share her bedroom with Mr. Dussel. Answer (a) is the correct answer
9.
What happened two days after Anne’s last diary entry?
The family escaped to America
The family disappeared, never to be found
Anne and Peter ran away
The Secret Annex was raided
Two days after Anne’s last diary entry the Secret Annex was raided. Anne’s family was captured and put into concentration camps. Answer (d) is the correct answer
10.
The Diary of Anne Frank was also known as ____________.
Anne Frank: A Diary
Little Girl Lost
The Diary of a Young Girl
The Young Girl and the Secret Annex
The Diary of Anne Frank was also known as The Diary of a Young Girl. Answer (c) is correct
Author:  Christine G. Broome

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