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# Verbal Reasoning - Related Words 1

This English Language quiz is called 'Verbal Reasoning - Related Words 1' and it has been written by teachers to help you if you are studying the subject at middle school. Playing educational quizzes is a fabulous way to learn if you are in the 6th, 7th or 8th grade - aged 11 to 14.

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In this Related Words quiz, the alphabet is included in each question to help you.

You need to work out a different code for each question. Sometimes you will have to find a match for a word by moving forward a number of spaces in the alphabet, and sometimes by moving backward. Count how many spaces there are between a code and its decoded word, and then carry out that same operation on your question.

Example: If the code for LUCK is JSAI, what does EMMB mean?

GOOD
GOON
FEED
TEED

The key to this code is to work out that each code letter is two spaces back in the alphabet. If L = J, then the code letter (J) has moved two spaces to the left of L, likewise if U = S then the code letter (S) is two spaces to the left of U. Working out the key allows us to work out any letter. If E is the code letter, then we know that it's two spaces to the left, so to get the answer, we must move two spaces to the right (G), likewise for M we must move two spaces to the right (O) and so on. Easy!
1.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
If the code for SPIN is OLEJ, what does DAHL mean?
HELD
HELP
SELF
SELD
This code requires you to move back 4 places (or if you think about it, skipping 3 letters while moving to the left) in the alphabet each time. So S = O (moving left and skipping 3), P = L (moving left and skipping 3), I = E (moving left and skipping 3) and N = J (moving left and skipping 3). The answer must be HELP
2.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
If the code for MILL is UQTT, what does JZQU mean?
SWIM
SLIM
BRIG
BRIM
This code requires you to move forward 8 places in the alphabet. So M = U, I = Q, L = T (twice!) You should have noticed that the two code-words shared the letters U and Q, so we were bound to need M and I in the answer!
3.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
If the code for HIDE is GHCD, what does OTRG mean?
RUSH
PUSH
RUST
RUTH
The key to this code is to move forward one letter in the alphabet each time. So, G = H, H = I, C = D and D = E. Each letter means the letter following it
4.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
If the code for BANG is FDRJ, what does WOIG mean?
SLED
SLEW
SLAM
SELF
This code makes different numbers of moves. The key is to move forward 4 places, then 3, then 4, then 3 again. So B = F (moving forward 4 places) and A = D (moving forward 3 places). Then N = R (moving forward 4 again) and G = J (moving forward 3). The answer must be SLED (S = W, L = O, E = I and D = G)
5.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
If the code for ACRE is FHWJ, what does XYJU mean?
STOP
SLOP
STEP
SHOP
This code works by skipping four letters each time. So, A = F (skipping B, C, D and E). C = H (skipping D, E, F and G). R = W (skipping S, T, U and V) and E = J (skipping F, G, H and I). This leads us to STEP = XYJU
6.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
If the code for STAR is HGZI, what does YVOG mean?
BEST
FELT
BELT
BEAT
To understand this code, you must work out the position in the alphabet of each letter. Whatever the number is from the beginning of the alphabet, count that number from the end of the alphabet. So, H (8th from the start) becomes S (8th from the end). G (7th from the start) becomes T (7th from the end). Z (last) becomes A (first) and I (9th from the start) becomes R (9th from the end). Using this code, we can work out that BELT = YVOG
7.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
If the code for TUSK is UWTM, what is the code for THEM?
JOFU
UFOJ
UJFO
JUOF
Did we catch you out by asking for the code instead of the word? Stay alert! The key to this code is working out that the letters change a different way each time. First you have to go forward one place in the alphabet, then two places, then one, then two again. So T = U (forward one place), and U = W (forward two places). Then S = T (forward one place again) and, finally, K = M (forward two places). We need to follow the same process (rather than reversing it) to find the code for THEM. This means going forward one place, then two places, then one, then two again
8.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
If the code for COLD is DPME, what does TOBQ mean?
PANS
SNAP
SNAG
STAG
The key to this code is to move back one letter in the alphabet each time. So, D = C, P = O, M = L and E = D. Each letter means the letter coming before it in the alphabet. SNAP = TOBQ
9.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
If the code for FIRE is ILUH, what does GHDG mean?
DEAN
This code works by skipping two letters each time. So, F = I (skipping G and H) I = L (skipping J and K) R = U (skipping S and T) and E = H (skipping F and G). Working this out leads us to DEAD = GHDG
10.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
If the code for BOXES is DPZFU, what does HSKFU mean?
FRIES
FRIED
FIRED
FIRES
Tricky! Not only does this code have five letters, but it also uses a different number of moves for each letter. To work out this code you must move two places to the right for the first letter, one place to the right for the next, two for the next and so on. So, B = D (2 moves to the right), and O = P (one move to the right). Then X = Z (2 moves) and E = F (one move). Finally S = U (2 moves to the right). This leads us to FRIES = HSKFU
Author:  Stephen O'Hara