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Writing - Quoting, Paraphrasing and Summarizing
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Writing - Quoting, Paraphrasing and Summarizing

This English Language quiz is called 'Writing - Quoting, Paraphrasing and Summarizing' and it has been written by teachers to help you if you are studying the subject at middle school. Playing educational quizzes is a fabulous way to learn if you are in the 6th, 7th or 8th grade - aged 11 to 14.

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Whenever you are called upon to write a paper, whether that be for a book report, a research paper, an essay, a term paper or whatever, many times the source material you are gathering your information from contains amazing language that says something far better than you believe you can.

1.
A lot of our knowledge of history comes from movies, stories, and television. Not all of this knowledge is true even though we might think it is. (Mintz, S.; The First Americans).
Plagiarism
Quoting
Paraphrasing
Summarizing
This is a very brief piece that has no quotation marks so it is not using the method of quotation. The piece does give credit to an original source, i.e., (Mintz, S.; The First Americans). Since it is giving credit to an original source it is not plagiarism. That leaves paraphrasing and summarizing. As stated, this is very brief and focuses on a main point, where we get a lot of our knowledge. When a piece is brief and focuses on a main point or points, it is an example of a summary. Answer (d) is correct
2.
In Martin Luther King, Jr.’s speech on “I have a dream,” people of all backgrounds joined the movement to unify the nation.
Plagiarism
Quoting
Paraphrasing
Summarizing
One of the first things we can see is that there are quotation marks used in this short piece and there is credit given to what is contained within the quotation marks. Therefore, this is not plagiarism, nor is it paraphrasing or summarizing. It is a clear example of quoting making Answer (b) correct
3.
So how can you determine a person’s character? I believe Abraham Lincoln said it best when he said, “Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man’s character, give him power.”
Plagiarism
Quoting
Paraphrasing
Summarizing
One of the first things we can see is that there are quotation marks used in this short piece and there is credit given to what is contained within the quotation marks, i.e., to Abraham Lincoln. Therefore, this is not plagiarism, nor is it paraphrasing or summarizing. It is a clear example of quoting making Answer (b) correct
4.
The legal system is made up of civil courts, criminal courts and specialty courts such as family law courts and bankruptcy courts. Each court has its own jurisdiction, which refers to the cases that the court is allowed to hear. In some instances, a case can only be heard in one type of court. For example, a bankruptcy case must be heard in a bankruptcy court. In other instances, there may be several potential courts with jurisdiction. For example, a federal criminal court and a state criminal court would each have jurisdiction over a crime that is a federal drug offense but that is also an offense on the state level.
Plagiarism
Quoting
Paraphrasing
Summarizing
Reading this passage there is one thing that is blaringly missing. Can you see it? Right, there is no credit being given anywhere. Therefore, this is a clear example of plagiarism. Answer (a) is correct
5.
While some medical students have been found out to be guilty of the vice of smoking, their bad habit varies geographically. More is yet to be studied about this phenomenon (Brenner & Scharrer, 1996).
Plagiarism
Quoting
Paraphrasing
Summarizing
The first thing we can see is that there are no quotation marks in this piece so it is not using the method of quotation. The piece does give credit to an original source, i.e., (Brenner & Scharrer, 1996). Since it is giving credit to an original source it is not plagiarism. That leaves paraphrasing and summarizing. This one is a little tricky, especially since you do not have the original source. As it is very brief you might believe that it is a summary but the subject matter is too broad to be a summary. Therefore, this is a piece of paraphrasing making Answer (c) correct
6.
The rise of industry, the growth of cities, and the expansion of the population were the three great developments of late nineteenth century American history. As new, larger, steam-powered factories became a feature of the American landscape in the East, they transformed farm hands into industrial laborers, and provided jobs for a rising tide of immigrants. With industry came urbanization - the growth of large cities (like Fall River, Massachusetts, where the Bordens lived) which became the centers of production as well as of commerce and trade.
Plagiarism
Quoting
Paraphrasing
Summarizing
Reading this passage there is one thing that is blaringly missing. Can you see it? Right, there is no credit being given anywhere. Therefore, this is a clear example of plagiarism. Credit should have been given to (Joyce Williams et al, Lizzie Borden: A Case Book of Family and Crime in the 1890s). Answer (a) is correct
7.
As discussed in the biography on PBS’s American Experience web page, sharpshooter Annie Oakley lived through a period of many liberating changes for women, from the Victorian era through the first quarter of the 20th century. Examples include voting rights for women as well as the freedom to wear comfortable and practical clothing (Annie Oakley).
Plagiarism
Quoting
Paraphrasing
Summarizing
The first thing we can see is that there are no quotation marks in this piece so it is not using the method of quotation. The piece does give credit to an original source, i.e., (Annie Oakley). Since it is giving credit to an original source it is not plagiarism. That leaves paraphrasing and summarizing. In truth, there is a bit much here to be a summary so we can rule that out which means this is a piece of paraphrasing making Answer (c) correct
8.
Since the H7N9 virus is extremely unpredictable in its ability to pass from one person to another, officials are watching it intensely to avoid a human pandemic. (Fox, NBC News, 2013).
Plagiarism
Quoting
Paraphrasing
Summarizing
One thing that we can see here is that there are no quotation marks in this piece so it is not using the method of quotation. The piece does give credit to an original source, i.e., (Fox, NBC News, 2013). Since it is giving credit to an original source it is not plagiarism. That leaves paraphrasing and summarizing. This piece is very brief and it focuses on a main point, the H7N9 virus. When a piece is brief and focuses on a main point or points, it is an example of a summary. Therefore, Answer (d) is correct
9.
The United States, Germany, Japan and other economies are being dramatically changed from industrial economies to knowledge and information based service economies as manufacturing shifts to countries where the wages are low cost. In knowledge and information economies, knowledge and information are the focus in economic growth (Laudon & Laudon, 2000).
Plagiarism
Quoting
Paraphrasing
Summarizing
The first thing we can see is that there are no quotation marks in this piece so it is not using the method of quotation. The piece does give credit to an original source, i.e., (Laudon & Laudon, 2000). Since it is giving credit to an original source it is not plagiarism. That leaves paraphrasing and summarizing. As there is a bit of information presented here, it is too much information to be a summary so we can rule that out which means this is a piece of paraphrasing making Answer (c) correct
10.
According to M. Thomas Inge, the comic strip, Peanuts, has a great influence on our present-day culture (104).
Plagiarism
Quoting
Paraphrasing
Summarizing
This is a very brief piece that has no quotation marks so it is not using the method of quotation. The piece does give credit to an original source, i.e., (M. Thomas Inge). Since it is giving credit to an original source it is not plagiarism. That leaves paraphrasing and summarizing. As stated, this is very brief and focuses on a main point, Peanuts' influence on present-day culture. When a piece is brief and focuses on a main point or points, it is an example of a summary. Answer (d) is correct
Author:  Christine G. Broome

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