This Geography quiz is called 'Responses to Climate Change' and it has been written by teachers to help you if you are studying the subject at middle school. Playing educational quizzes is a fabulous way to learn if you are in the 6th, 7th or 8th grade - aged 11 to 14.
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Climate change is one of the main topics covered in middle school Geography. This quiz looks specifically at the international responses to climate change, such as the Kyoto Protocol. Since the end of the 20th Century the world's nations have been attempting to formulate effective responses to the threat of global climate change.
In 2007 the United Nations Bali Climate Change Conference was attended by representatives from 180 countries - this was the next step after the Kyoto Protocol of 1997. The European nations suggested that by 2050 emissions of harmful gasses and all greenhouse gasses should be halved. However, the United States of America, Japan, Canada, Australia and Russia objected, meaning the wording is now ‘deep cuts in global emissions’ rather than 'emissions should be halved'.
In addition to cutting the emission of greenhouse gasses, the conference included a road map looking at deforestation and forest management. This is about technologies that can assist developing countries and financial assistance that developing nations can take advantage of to help prevent their development leading to an increase in global emissions.
The World Meteorological Society is working to bring together the science, data and policy makers to ensure that data is interpreted and delivered in a timely manner. They are also working to improve the tools used in responses to disasters and to make people on the ground better informed of future and present situations.
Beyond governmental policy changes and treaties such as the Kyoto Protocol, hard and soft engineering solutions are being put in place for sea level rises and for predicted extreme weather events. One of the largest and most famous is the Thames Barrier. Sea walls, reinforcing coastal defenses and moving transport such as road and rail away from the immediate coast is also helping protect the vulnerable parts of out settlements and infrastructure.