The Agricultural Revolution 1
Farmers needed to produce more food to feed a rising population.

The Agricultural Revolution 1

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New farming techniques and ideas were introduced into Britain during the 18th century creating a 'revolution'.

Test your History knowledge of both the old and new methods with this quiz on the Agricultural Revolution.

Before about 1750, farmers used what system?
1-field system
2-field system
3-field system
5-field system
Each field was divided into narrow strips
One of the 3 fields was always left...what?
Meaning it was left empty - very wasteful!
Why was one field left fallow?
For the Lord of the Manor to use
To allow the soil to recover its goodness
To give the children somewhere to play
Villagers didn't have time to farm all three fields
Animals grazed on the fallow field to manure the soil
Why did farmers need to produce more food?
Appetites increased in the late 18th century
Low yields meant a government fine
They were in competition with each other
To feed a rising population
What was one advantage of the old 3-field system?
Animals could wander across the crops
Paths were needed to separate the strips
The land could be shared out easily
Time was wasted walking between strips
The paths wasted land
By the early 1800s what had happened to the fields?
The three fields had merged into one
They had been burnt
They had been enclosed
They had been sold to the highest bidder
Who did not suffer as a result of enclosure?
People who lived in the woods
People who lived on common land
Tenants with no legal rights
Common land and woods were swallowed up in the enclosures
Acts of Parliament of which year made enclosure compulsory?
They were called the General Enclosure Acts
Why did clay and lime come to be used on the land?
As fertilizer
To build animal pens
To clean farm tools
To make the fields look more colorful
Which county gave its name to a 'Four-course crop rotation' system?
Author:  Jan Crompton

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